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PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT

KOMPRESOR UTAMA

DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI....................................................................................................................i DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................................iv DAFTAR TABEL..........................................................................................................v 1.1.Pengertian dan Fungsi Kompresor Sentral.............................................................1 1.1.1.Azas Kompresor...............................................................................................1 1.1.2.Teori Kompresi.................................................................................................2 1.2.Komponen dan Fungsi............................................................................................3 1.2.1. Sistem Pengisian Udara.............................................................................3 1.2.1.1.Motor Kompresor.......................................................................................3 1.2.1.2.Kopling.......................................................................................................3 1.2.1.3.Tangki udara..............................................................................................3 1.2.1.4.Non Return Valve......................................................................................4 1.2.1.5.Katup Pengaman (Safety Valve)...............................................................4 1.2.1.6.Pompa Kompresi Udara............................................................................4 1.2.1.7.Pressure Switch.........................................................................................4 1.2.1.8.Pressure Gauge........................................................................................4 1.2.1.9.Oil Level.....................................................................................................4 1.2.2.Panel Kontrol....................................................................................................6 1.2.2.1.Terminal dan Wiring kontrol......................................................................6 1.2.2.2.Lampu Indikasi..........................................................................................6 1.2.2.3.Switch........................................................................................................6 1.2.2.4.Meter tegangan dan arus..........................................................................7 1.2.2.5.Counter kerja motor kompresor................................................................7 1.2.2.6.Lemari Panel.............................................................................................7 1.2.3.Sistem Saluran.................................................................................................7 1.2.3.1.Keran.........................................................................................................7 1.2.3.2.Pipa ...........................................................................................................7 1.3.Spesifikasi Teknik....................................................................................................8 2.1In Service / Visual Inspection...................................................................................9 2.1.1.Pengertian............................................................................................................9 2.1.2.Pemeriksaan Harian :...........................................................................................9 2.1.3.Pemeriksaan Mingguan :.....................................................................................9 2.1.4.Pemeriksaan Bulanan :......................................................................................10 2.1.5.Pemeriksaan Khusus.........................................................................................11 2.2In service measurement.........................................................................................11 2.2.1.Pengertian......................................................................................................11 2.2.2.Pengukuran saat motor bekerja.....................................................................12 2.2.3.Pemeriksaan sistem kompresor.....................................................................12

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PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT

KOMPRESOR UTAMA

2.3Shutdown Measurement/Shutdown Function Check............................................13 2.3.1.Pengertian......................................................................................................13 2.3.2.Pemeliharaan Mingguan atau 100 jam Operasi............................................14 2.3.2.1.Motor Listrik.............................................................................................14 2.3.2.2.Bagian kompresor...................................................................................14 2.3.2.3.Tangki dan Pipa Udara...........................................................................14 2.3.2.4.Panel Kontrol ..........................................................................................14 2.3.3.Pemeriksaan dan Pemeliharaan Tahunan atau 2000 jam Operasi..............15 2.3.3.1.Motor Listrik.............................................................................................15 2.3.3.2.Bagian Kompresor...................................................................................15 2.3.3.3.Pengujian fungsi rele...............................................................................16 2.3.3.4.Pemeriksaan kompresor kondisi tidak aktif............................................19 2.4Overhaull 20 2.4.1.Pengertian......................................................................................................20 2.4.2.Tahapan Overhaull.........................................................................................20 2.4.1.1.Prosedur Pembongkaran........................................................................21 2.4.3.Function Check..............................................................................................27 2.5Butir-butir kegiatan pemeriksaan dan pemeliharaan kompresor..........................29 3.1.Metode Evaluasi Hasil Pemeliharaan...................................................................38 3.2.Standart Evaluasi Hasil Pemeliharaan ................................................................39 3.2.1.Pengukuran Motor Listrik...............................................................................39 3.2.2.Tekanan udara...............................................................................................39 3.2.3.Rele Tekanan udara.......................................................................................40 3.2.4.Panel Kontrol..................................................................................................40 4.1.Rekomendasi Hasil In Service / Visual Inspection...............................................41 4.1.1.Periode harian................................................................................................41 4.1.2.Periode mingguan..........................................................................................42 4.1.3.Periode bulanan.............................................................................................42 4.1.4.Periode tahunan.............................................................................................43 LAMPIRAN..................................................................................................................44 DAFTAR ISTILAH.......................................................................................................60 DAFTAR PUSTAKA....................................................................................................61

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PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT

KOMPRESOR UTAMA

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PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT

KOMPRESOR UTAMA

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar Gambar Gambar Gambar Gambar Gambar Gambar

2.1.Terminal sumber AC...............................................................................12 2.2.Instalasi kompresor sentral.....................................................................16 2.3.Unit Kompresor.......................................................................................20 2.4.Part-part yang akan di bongkar..............................................................21 2.5.Badan kompresor....................................................................................22 2.6.Pembuangan minyak pelumas..............................................................22 3.1.Flow chart metode evaluasi....................................................................38

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PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT

KOMPRESOR UTAMA

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1.1.Keterangan gambar 1.4 dan 1.5...................................................................6 Tabel 1.2.Data-data teknis kompresor utama...............................................................8 Tabel 2.1.Pekerjaan Pengukuran in service...............................................................12 Tabel 2.2.Ikhtisar pekerjaan pemeliharaan in service...............................................13 Tabel 2.3.Spesifikasi teknis minyak pelumas.............................................................16 Tabel 2.4.Kegiatan pemeriksaan dan pemeliharaan kompresor................................29 Tabel 3.1.Standar tegangan........................................................................................40 Tabel 4.1.Rekomendasi in service/visual