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  • 7/23/2019 Keracunan bahan Tambahan Pangan

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    KH^BFXMBM NBLBM PBENBLBM EBKBMBM

    ,Zhtb~mb `bm Zhmdbthp Ebkbmbm#

    Khgiezik 22

    Vlcmpb S-Kxebenimd

    Vxgbvp~c Ncgipbmdi

    Vxs B-V Lb~`oi

    P~s Ikpbqcb @obnb~

    Qbm H~ck Ngbplbm

    Ox~xvbm Ab~ebvc

    >::3%>:2:

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    Nblbm pbenblbm ebkbmbm

    B`cpca ebkbmbm bpbx nblbm pbenblbm ebkbmbm b`bgbl nblbm sbmd cpbenblkbm hmdbm

    vhmdbob kh bgbe ebkbmbm bgbe oxegbl khfcg' hmdbm pxoxbm xmpxk ehezh~nbckc

    zhmbezbkbm' fcpb ~bvb' phkvpx~' `bm ehezh~zbmobmd `bsb vcezbm-Vhgbcm cpx `bzbp

    ehmcmdkbpkbm mcgbc dcc vhzh~pc z~iphcm' ecmh~bg bm qcpbecm-

    Nblbm pbenblbm ebkbmbm b`bgbl nblbm sbmd nxkbm vhfb~b bgbecbl eh~xzbkbm nbdcbm

    `b~c nblbm ebkbmbm' phpbzc ph~`bzbp bgbe nblbm ebkbmbm ph~vhnxp kb~hmb zh~gbkxbm vbbp

    zhmdigblbm' zhmscezbmbm bpbx zhmdhebvbm-

    Bdb~ ebkbmbm sbmd ph~vboc ph~vh`cb `bgbe nhmpxk sbmd ghncl ehmb~ck' ~bvb hmbk' ~xzb `bm

    kimvcvphmvcmsb nbck vh~pb bthp ebkb vh~cmd `cgbkxkbm zhmbenblbm nblbm pbenblbm

    ebkbmbm sbmd vh~cmd `cvhnxp bp b`cpca kcecb ,aii` b`cpcqb#-B`bkbgbmsb ebkbmbm sbmd

    ph~vh`cb pc`bk ehezxmsbc nhmpxk sbmd ehmb~ck ehvkczxm kbm`xmdbm dccmsb pcmddc-

    @cvcmc bp b`cpca ebkbmbm vx`bl ph~ebvxk ? zhtb~mb' zhmsh`bz' zhmdbthp' zhebmpbz'

    bmpcikvc`bm' zhmdhexgvc' zhmdxezbg' zhexfbp' zhmdhmpbg' bm bmpc dxezbg-

    , Tckczh`cb nblbvb Cm`imhvcb' hmvckgizh`cb nhnbv#

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    Zhtb~mb ebkbmbmTb~mb `bzbp ehezh~nbckc bm ehenh~ckbm bsb pb~ck zb`b ebkbmbm-

    Nblbm zhtb~mb ebkbmbm ph~nbdc ehmob`c `xb khgiezik nhvb~' sbkmc zhtb~mb ebkbmbm bgbec `bmzhtb~mb nxbpbm ,vcmphpcv#-

    Zhtb~mb ebkbmbm bgbec `czh~ighl b~c pbmbebm bpbxzxm lhtbm sbmd nh~xzb zcdehm- Nhnh~bzb

    zcdehm bgbec sbmd nbmsbk ph~`bzbp c vhkcpb~ kcpb bmpb~b gbcm? kgi~iacg ,ph~`bzbp zb`b bxm%`bxm

    nh~tb~mb lcobx#' kb~iphmic` ,ph~`bzbp zb`b ti~phg `bm vbsx~bm gbcm sbmd nh~tb~mb i~bmsh%eh~bl#-

    Zhtb~mb bgbec xexemsb bebm `czh~dxmbkbm `bm pc`bk ehmcenxgkbm hahk vbezcmd-

    Zhtb~mb bgbec sbmd bebm cpx b~c nblbm bgbec vhzh~pc kxmscp' bxm vxoc' piebp' fbnh eh~bl' bm

    nblbm%nblbm bgbec gbcmmsb-

    Vh`bmdkbm zhtb~mb nxbpbm bpbx vcmphpcv xmpxk ebkbmbm czh~ighl ehgbgxc vcmphvcv kcecb nxbpbm

    sbmd ehmdbm`bgkbm nblbm%nblbm kcecb' bpbx b~c nblbm sbmd ehmdbm`xmd zhtb~mb bgbec ehgbgxc

    hkvp~bkvc vhfb~b kcecbtc- Nhnh~bzb fimpil zhtb~mb nxbpbm sbkmc ? pb~p~bzcm' vxmvhp shggit,xmpxk

    tb~mb kxmcmd#' bggx~b' h~cp~ivcm' beb~bmpl ,tb~mb eh~bl#' bm nhnh~bzb zhtb~mb nxbpbm gbcmmsb-

    Mbexm' b`b oxdb zhtb~mb ebkbmbm nxbpbm sbmd pc`bk bebm bm pc`bk gbsbk xmpxk ckimvxevc-

    Vhzh~pc li`becm N bm ehpbmcg shggit sbmd vhnhmb~msb eh~xzbkbm zhtb~mb phkvpcg sbmd cgb~bmd

    zhmddxmbbmmsb `bgbe z~i`xk%z~i`xk zbmdbm-

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    Zhmsbgbldxmbbm zhtb~mb ebkbmbm

    ^li`becm N

    ^li`becm N cmc ncbvbmsb `czbkbc `bgbe zhtb~mbbm phkvpcg `bm kh~pbv- ^li`becm N vbezbc

    vhkb~bmd ebvcl nbmsbk cdxmbkbm xmpxk ehtb~mbc nh~nbdbc ohmcv ebkbmbm bm ecmxebm

    ,ph~xpbeb xmpxk digimdbm hkimiec ghebl#' vhzh~pc kxh%kxh nbvbl' vbxv' vc~xz' kh~xzxk `bm

    gbcm%gbcm-

    Fc~c%fc~c ebkbmbm sbmd `cnh~c ^li`becm

    / Tb~mb khgclbpbm fh~bl ,nh~tb~mb%tb~mc#' vhlcmddb pbezbk ehmb~ck-

    / B`b vh`ckcp ~bvb zblcp ,ph~xpbeb zb`b vc~iz bpbx gcexm#-

    / Exmfxg ~bvb dbpbg c phmddi~ikbm vhphgbl ehmdimvxevcmsb-

    / Nbxmsb pc`bk bgbec vhvxbc ebkbmbmmsb-

    Pbm`b%pbm`b bm dhobgb bkxp ncgb ph~zbzb~ li`becm N ?

    2- Ockb ph~lc~xz `bzbp ehmcenxgkbm c~cpbvc zb`b vbgx~bm zh~mbabvbm->- Ockb ph~khmb kxgcp bzbp ehmcenxgkbm c~cpbvc zb`b kxgcp-

    6- Ockb ph~khmb ebpb bzbp ehmcenxgkbm c~cpbvc zb`b ebpb' ebpb kheh~blbm' x`he zb`b

    khgizbk ebpb-

    0- Ockb ph~phgbm `bzbp ehmcenxgkbm dhobgb kh~bfxmbm `bm bc~ vhmc nh~tb~mb eh~bl bpbx

    eh~bl ex`b-

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    Ehpbmcg Shggit

    Ehpbmcg Shggit oxdb eh~xzbkbm vbgbl vbpx bp zhtbeb sbmd pc`bk `cccmkbm xmpxk

    `cpbenblkbm kh bgbe nblbm ebkbmbm-

    Ehpbmcg Shggit `cdxmbkbm vhnbdbc zhtbeb xmpxk z~i`xk%z~i`xk phkvpcg ,zbkbcbm#' fbp kbsx'`bm fbp gxkcv- Ehpbmcg oxdb ncbvb cob`ckbm cm`ckbpi~ ~hbkvc mhp~bgcvbvc bvbe nbvb-

    Ighl kb~hmb cpx vhnbckmsb kimvxehm vhnhgxe ehenhgc ebkbmbm `bm ecmxebm' lb~xv

    ehmhgcpc kim`cvc acvck' kbm`xmdbm nblbm zhenxbpmsb' khlbgbgbmmsb ehgbgxc gbnhg ebkbmbm

    sbmd ph~`bzbp c bgbe khebvbm ebkbmbm ph~vhnxp bdb~ khbebmbm ebkbmbm sbmd

    `ckimvxevc vhmbmpcbvb ph~obdb-

    Ehpbmcg shggit`bzbp ehmshnbnkbm c~cpbvc ebpb' kh~xvbkbm lbpc' pxei~' `bm Kbmkh~ ockb nblbmph~vhnxp ph~bkxexgbvc c `bgbe pxnxl-

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    Zhmdbthp Ebkbmbm

    Nblbm zhmdbthp b`bgbl bp kcecb sbmd `bzbp ehmdlbenbp kh~xvbkbm zb`b ebkbmbm' kb~hmb

    vh~bmdbm nbkph~c' ~bdc'fhm`btbm-

    Pxoxbm zhmddxmbbm nblbm pbenblbm zbmdbm zhmdbthp

    Zhmdbthpbm zbmdbm cvbezcmd nh~b~pc zhmscezbmbm oxdb ehecgckc > ,`xb# ebkvx` sbcpx ?

    2- ehmdlbenbp zhenxvxkbm bm

    >- ehmobecm expx btbg zbmdbm bdb~ phpbz ph~obdb vhgbeb exmdkcm-

    Zhmddxmbbm zhmdbthp bgbe z~i`xk zbmdbm bgbe z~bkphkmsb nh~zh~bm vhnbdbc

    bmpceck~inb bpbx bmpcikvc`bm bpbx kh`xbmsb- Obex~' nbkph~c `bm hmce vhgbcm zhmshnbn

    zhenxvxkbm zbmdbm oxdb bzbp ehmshnbnkbm i~bmd ehmob`c vbkcp' xmpxk cpx zh~gx `clbenbp

    zh~pxenxlbm ebxzxm bkpcqcpbvmsb-

    Ob`c' vhgbcm pxoxbm `c bpbv' oxdb xmpxk ehehgclb~b khvhdb~bm `bm ehmfhdbl kh~xvbkbm

    ebkbmbm bpbx nblbm ebkbmbm- Nhnh~bzb zhmdbthp sbmd ph~ebvxk bmpcikvc`bm nh~axmdvc

    ehmfhdbl ebkbmbm ehmob`c phmdck sbmd cvhnbnkbm ighl zh~xnblbm kcecbtc `bgbe

    ebkbmbm ph~vhnxp- Nblbm zhmdbthp sbmd cccmkbm cdxmbkbm bgbe ebkbmbm bgbe kb`b~

    ph~phmpx b`bgbl Bvbe Nhmibp' Fb%nhmibp' Vxgax~ cikvc`b,VI>#'Bvbe Z~izcimbp- Bvbe

    Vi~nbp' Hpcg z%Lc`~ikvc Nhmibp'`gg-

    -

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    Zhmdb~xl nhnh~bzb nblbm zhmdbthp ph~lb`bz khvhlbpbm

    Fb%nhmibp

    Ph~`bzbp zb`b vb~c nxbl' ecmxebm ~cmdbm'ecmxebm bmddx~ ebmcv'ckbm bvcm-@bzbp ehmshnbnkbm ~hbkvc eh~xdckbm zb`b bvebpcv `bm sbmd zhkb ph~lb`bz bvzc~cm-

    Vxgax~ cikvc`b,VI>#

    Vb~c nxbl'nxbl kh~cmd'kbfbmd kh~cmd' vc~xz' bfb~-

    @bzbp ehmshnbnkbm zhgxkbbm gbenxmd' ehezh~fhzbp vh~bmdbm bveb' expbvc dhmhpck' kbmkh~

    `bm bgh~dc-

    Fb% ) Mb%z~izcimbp

    Ph~`bzbp zb`b ~i`xk ~ipc `bm phzxmd-Ehmdbkcnbpkbm ecd~bcm' khghgblbm' khvxgcpbm pc`x~-

    Mb%ehpbvxgabp

    Ph~`bzbp zb`b z~i`xk ~ipc `bm phzxmd-@bzbp ehmshnbnkbm bgh~dc kxgcp

    Mbpbesvcm

    Ph~`bzbp zb`b z~i`xk `bdcmd `bm khox-@bzbp ehmshnbnkbm exbg' exmpbl' pc`bk mbavx ebkbm'

    `cb~h `bm zhgxkbbm kxgcp

    K%bvhpbp

    Ebkbmbm bvbe-@bzbp eh~xvbk axmdvc dcmobg

    NLB ,Nxpcg Lc`~ikvc Bmcvig#

    Ph~`bzbp zb`b`bdcmd nbnc vhdb~ `bm vivcvmsb' ecmsbk vbsx~' vli~phmcmd' k~czck

    khmpbmd' zcb nhkx-Ehmshnbnkbm zhmsbkcp lbpc `bm kbmkh~-

  • 7/23/2019 Keracunan bahan Tambahan Pangan

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    Zhmsbgbldxmbbm zhmdbthp

    Ai~ebgcm

    Ai~ebgcm sbmd `cfbezx~kbm zb`b ebkbmbm ohgbv%ohgbv ehmob`c ~bfxm nbdc pxnxl kcpb- Cmc

    mbebmsb zhmsbgbldxmbbm' bm kbgbx cvhmdbob ighl zhenxbpmsb ebkb ph~ebvxk zh~kb~b

    zc`bmb bpbx k~cecmbg-

    Axmdvc ai~ebgcm b`bgbl vhnbdbc zhenxmxl kxebm vhlcmddb kh~bz `cebmabbbpkbm xmpxk?

    zhenh~vcl gbmpbc' kbzbg' dx`bmd' zbkbcbm

    zhenbvec gbgbp `bm nh~nbdbc vh~bmddb gbcm

    nblbm zhmdbthp zb`b zhenxbpbm vxp~b vcmphpcv

    bp zhtb~mb

    fh~ecm kbfb'

    nblbm zhgh`bk

    nblbm zhmdbthp z~i`xk kivehpckb ,`bgbe oxegbl bebp khfcg#

    nblbm zhmdh~bv kxkx

    fbc~bm zhenbgvbe bpbx zhmdbthp ebsbp"

    Gclbpgbl' pbk vbpx zxm axmdvc ai~ebgcm xmpxk ebkbmbm" Pbk lh~bm nbmsbk kbvxv dbmddxbm

    khvhlbpbm exgbc `b~c dbmddxbm zhmfh~mbbm vbezbc kbmkh~' nblkbm sbmd abpbg' khebpcbm

    ph~ob`c kb~hmb zhmsbgbldxmbbm ai~ebgcm xmpxk ebkbmbm- Tbvzb`bgbl"

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    Nhnh~bzb fimpil z~i`xk sbmd vh~cmd `ckhpblxc ehmdbm`xmd ai~ebgcm ecvbgmsb

    2- Ckbm vhdb~ ? Ckbm nbvbl sbmd tb~mbmsb zxpcl nh~vcl' khmsbg' cmvbmdmsb nh~tb~mb eh~bl pxb

    ,nxkbm eh~bl vhdb~#' bthp vbezbc nhnh~bzb lb~c `bm pc`bk ex`bl nxvxk-

    >- Bsbe zipimd ? Bsbe sbmd vx`bl `czipimd nh~tb~mb zxpcl nh~vcl' bthp `bm pc`bk ex`bl

    nxvxk-

    6- Ech nbvbl ? Ech nbvbl sbmd bthp vbezbc nhnh~bzb lb~c `bm pc`bk ex`bl nbvc

    `cnbm`cmdkbm hmdbm sbmd pc`bk ehmdbm`xmd ai~ebgcm-

    0- Pblx ? Pblx sbmd nhmpxkmsb vbmdbp nbdxv' khmsbg' pc`bk ex`bl lbmfx~' bthp nhnh~bzb lb~c

    `bm pc`bk ex`bl nbvc-

    Nblbsb Ai~ebgcm

    @bezbk ai~ebgcm zb`b khvhlbpbm ebmxvcb' `bzbp nh~vcabp

    Bkxp ? hahk zb`b khvhlbpbm ebmxvcb gbmdvxmd ph~gclbp ? vhzh~p c~cpbvc' bgh~dc' kheh~blbm' ebpb

    nh~bc~' exbg' exmpbl' ~bvb ph~nbkb~' vbkcp zh~xp `bm zxvcmd

    K~imck ? hahk zb`b khvhlbpbm ebmxvcb ph~gclbp vhphgbl ph~khmb bgbe obmdkb tbkpx sbmd gbeb

    `bm nh~xgbmd ? c~cpbvc khexmdkcm zb~bl' ebpb nh~bc~' dbmddxbm zb`b zhmfh~mbbm' lbpc' dcmobg'zbmk~hbv' vsvphe vb~ba zxvbp' ehmvp~xbvc bm zb`b lhtbm zh~finbbm bzbp ehmshnbnkbm

    kbmkh~ vh`bmdkbm zb`b ebmxvcb `c`xdb nh~vcabp kb~vcmidhm ,ehmshnbnkbm kbmkh~#-

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    Ni~bkv

    Vhgbcm ai~ebgcm' sbmd nbmsbk `cvbgbldxmbkbm xmpxk nblbm pbenblbm ebkbmbm

    b`bgbl Mbp~cxephp~b Ni~bkv ,bvbe ni~bp# bpbx sbmd kcpb khmbg vhnbdbc ni~bkv' bpbxi~bmd vh~cmd ehmshnxpmsb vhnbdbc nghmd' db~be nghmd bpbx zcoh~' oxdb eh~xzbkbm

    ~bfxm nbdc pxnxl kcpb; nxkbm nblbm pbenblbm ebkbmbm"

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