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    TUGAS STATEMENT TOKOH ARSITEKTURDisusun untuk memenuhi Tugas Mata Kuliah Teori Perkembangan Arsitektur 2 Semester IV

    RICHARD J. NEUTRA (18921970)

    Disusun Oleh:

    MOCHAMMAD ARIF BUDIANTO

    (11.431.00.563)

    JURUSA ARSIT!KTUR "AKU#TAS T!KIKUIV!RSITAS $% A&USTUS $'()

    S!MARA&

    2*$+

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    1. "Brea!a# $%#& Be'er" I*#er'%e$ $%#& D%+* Ne,#ra

    Sa* Fra*-%-+ De%* Ce*#er

    /a*,ar 1 2001

    Inter,ie- b. /e,erl. Russell0 e1itoratlarge 3orInteriors & Sor!esmaga4ine an1 hosto3 /reak3ast -ith /e,erl.0 the 3irst Internet ,i1eo talk sho- 1e,ote1 to the ar5hite5turean1 1esign in1ustr.6

    Be'er R,e (BR) +,'e #+ 7e #&e #&e7e !+r +,r !%r7 % MAN IN

    RE8ATIONSHI9 :ITH NATURE; -a* +, e

    D%+* Ne,#ra (DN)Man gre- u7 in 5entral A3ri5a in nature 3or his 3irst t-o million.ears8 that -hat -e9re use1 to6 It9s onl. been 2*0*** .ears that -e 3igure1 out ho- to

    buil1 shelters0 an1 2** .ears sin5e -e9,e learne1 to en5lose an1 5limate 5ontrol them6"or the most 7art -e9,e been going 1o-nhill sin5e then0 7utting 7eo7le into -in1o-lesso33i5es0 basements an1 5heerless en,ironments -ith minimal o7enings in the name o3energ. 5onser,ation6 Our 7ra5ti5e es7ouses maimum e7osure to the 1rama o3 nature0-ith mu5h higher 7er5entages o3 glass than allo-able un1er to1a.9s 5o1es6

    BR O,r ,?@e-# % ree* ar-&%#e-#,re. H+$ ree* % +,r -+,*#r>

    DNot as green as it shoul1 be6 Others in !uro7e are ahea16 ;orl1-i1e0 -e are on a5risis tri76 Alternate 3uel resear5h an1 1e,elo7ment in5enti,es ha,e been largel.su77lante1 b. em7hasis on linton a1ministration to7reser,e -il1erness or the 5oastline against 1rilling an1 logging6 The -orl19sen,ironment 1oesn9t kno- about states9 rights6

    BR :&a# $+, +, a'+-a#e #+ -&a*e #&e -+,re +! =r%+r%#%e>

    DN"o5us on the bigger 7i5ture6 ;e9,e got to sto7 thinking about -hat is e7e1ient 3orbusiness to turn a 7ro3it6 #ook at -hat 1eregulation has 1one 3or the >ali3ornia ele5tri5su77liers6 The almight. 1ollar must .iel1 in the name o3 a national 5om7rehensi,eenerg. 7oli5. a11ressing the 7o-er nee1s o3 A## o3 our 5ountr. b. region0 i3 not the-orl16 As 1esigners0 -e 5an 7oint the -a. to 7reser,ation o3 nature as -ell as the built

    en,ironment6 #et9s ho7e there are enough ,oi5es in >ongress to neutrali4e the e7e5te1re7ressi,e e33orts o3 5onser,atism6

    BR I* +,r %*#r+,-#%+* #+ #&e 30#& a**%'erar -+e-#+r e%#%+* +! +,r

    !a#&er ?++ Survival by Design,+, #a a?+,# #&e *ee !+r a -+7=re&e*%'e

    $+r '%e$ ra#&er #&a* &+r##er7 #&%*%*. H+$ -a* ar-&%#e-# a* e%*er

    %*!,e*-e #&% -+7=re&e*%'e $+r '%e$>

    DNAr5hite5ts an1 1esigners are in a 7osition to 1emonstrate ne- a77roa5hes to 1esignan1 buil1ing6 The 7rin5i7les o3 the >ase Stu1. houses in >ali3ornia an1 the ar5hite5ts o3that generation o3 -hi5h m. 3ather -as one are still not 3ull. a77re5iate1 3or their

    ma?or 7rogrammati5 elements: the @ualit. an1 res7onsi,eness o3 the built 1esign to the

    http://www.isdesignet.com/BWB/bwb_media.htmlhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#survivalhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#survivalhttp://www.isdesignet.com/BWB/bwb_media.html
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    li,ing en,ironment an1 nature666 >ontem7orar. stu1ents 5oul1 -ell re,isit these7rograms to 1is5o,er their message0 as -ell as 1e,ise their o-n ,ersions o3 these issuestranslate1 into to1a.9s 5hallenges an1 issues6

    BR E

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    BR :&+ &a'e ?ee* +,r 7+# %7=+r#a*# 7e*#+r %* +,r -areer a* %* +,r %!e>

    DNM. 1a10 o3 5ourse6 Se,eral o3 the 1ra3tsmen -ith -hom I 5ame in 5onta5t earl. on-ere im7ressi,e to me on 1i33erent le,els 3rom the 7oint o3 ,ie- o3 m. 1e,elo7ment6

    An !nglish tea5her hel7e1 establish m. 3oun1ation as a -riter6 M. ,iolin tea5her taughtme rigor an1 tena5it.0 as -ell as an a77re5iation o3 5lassi5al musi50 as 1i1 m.gran13ather0 -ho -as a ruthless 1is5i7linarian 3rom the 7iano ke.boar1 -hen -e 7la.e1trio -ith m. mother6 is thing -as

    DN #i,ing in the Kings Roa1B S5hin1ler ouse0 an1 later the VD#B Resear5houses6 M. time in the a,.8 at S> an1 in !uro7e 1uring m. ?unior .ear6 Jugglingmarriages an1 5areer earl. on6 A holeinone in m. one an1 onl. time 7la.ing gol3 at St6An1re-s=

    BR :+, +, -&a*e +,r %!e %* a* $a %! +, -+,>

    DNI -oul1 ha,e like1 to ha,e the -is1om o3 age earlier on0 to 7erha7s ha,e 3igure1out ho- to 7reser,e m. 3irst marriage an1 sa,e m. sons the trauma o3 1i,or5e6 To ha,eha1 the -is1om an1 resour5es to sa,e m. thir1 -i3e 3rom 1eath 3rom lung 5an5er6

    BR :&+ are #&e =%+*eer %* #&e !%e #&a# +, rea re=e-#>

    DNI like the soun1 o3 A1ol7hB #oos 3rom -hat I9,e rea1 an1 hear16 M. 1a1 ha1 great1e7th0 an1 his 7hiloso7h. in a77roa5hing his solutions is still a-esome to me6 I ha,eimmense a1miration 3or those 7ra5titioners -ho 5an 5on,in5e their 5lients to go along-ith bi4arre or 93arout9 solutions to -hat -oul1 seem to be relati,el. sim7le 7rograms6

    BR :&a# $+r + +, =re!er %* #&e E*%& a*,ae>

    DN ;hat is that long -or1 use1 in 9Mar. Po77ins0

    DNI lo,e the soun1 o3 a great /a5h suite on the 5ello or ,iolin6 Mo4art sele5tions are a5lose se5on16

    BR A%e !r+7 #&e *e$ ?+-?,#er ?++ @,# =,?%&e ? Ta-&e* Ne,#ra

    C+7=e#e :+r %*-,%* 300 +! +,r !%r7 $+r &+$ -a* #&e e*era =,?%-

    e

    DNVisit houses0 7ro?e5ts0 tours0 ehibitions0 other books0 7ubli5ations666 an1 our ;ebsite at ---6neutra6org6 Cou 5an 7ur5hase the Tas5hen book or others -e 3eature in oursite9sbookstore6

    http://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#taschenhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#taschenhttp://www.neutra.org/index.htmlhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.htmlhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.htmlhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#taschenhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html#taschenhttp://www.neutra.org/index.htmlhttp://www.neutra.org/bookstore.html
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    BR H+$ %!!%-,# % %# #+ 7a%*#a%* #&% ea-> D+ #&e ?,%%* re,%re re=a%r>

    H+$ -a* #&e ?e =re'e*#e !r+7 %*a==r+=r%a#e re7+e%*>

    DNThe. 1o re@uire maintenan5e8 re7airs an1 lo,ing attention -ith an e.e 3or the

    original intent o3 the 1esign6 Too o3ten 7eo7le a5@uire these 7ro?e5ts an1 sub?e5t them toa 7ersonal ,ie- o3 9;hat the eutras -oul1 ha,e -ante169 ;oul1 .ou retou5h .ourPi5asso to mat5h .our 7ersonal taste or 1e5orF

    Sumber: htt7:GG---6neutra6orgGbe,erl.6html $$G(G2*$+ $*62$

    2. R%-&ar Ne,#ra ,+#e

    I am an e.e-itness to the -a.s in -hi5h 7eo7le relate to themsel,es an1 to ea5h other0

    an1 m. -ork is a -a. o3 s5oo7ing an1 la1ling that e7erien5e6

    Sumber: htt7:GG---6sear5h@uotes65omG@uotesGauthorGRi5har1HeutraG(G$$G2*$+

    In $'))0 eutra -rote a letter 1es5ribing his i1eas 3or the buil1ing to the 1istinguishe1Mo1ern ar5hite5t Pietro /ellus5hi6 /ellus5hi -as not onl. the 1ean o3 the S5hool o3Ar5hite5ture at the Massa5husetts Institute o3 Te5hnolog.0 but more 7ertinent to an.embass. 7ro?e5t ha1 ?ust been a77ointe1 to the ne-l. 3orme1 Ar5hite5tural A1,isor.>ommittee AA>0 establishe1 in Januar. $')(6 The AA>0 re7lete -ith ar5hite5tural

    stars an1 Ameri5an Institute o3 Ar5hite5t &ol1 Me1al -inners an1 hea1e1 b. a 3ormer"oreign Ser,i5e o33i5er0 ha1 been 5reate1 in res7onse to a gro-ing >ongressional alarmo,er the so5alle1 internationalL st.le o3 ar5hite5ture use1 3or im7ortant buil1ingsabroa16 In his letter0 eutra use1 a ,oi5e one -oul1 use onl. among 5on3i1antes an1

    7eers:

    The building is sited in the green triangle of Karachi where the bend in Victoria

    Road occurs between the entrances to the Sind lub garden and the !overnors

    "alace, in the #idst of the chloro$hyll of foliage #asses% &e have added to the

    triangle the landsca$ed bay which reaches westward fro# the o$en s$ace under the

    '#bassadorial wing and can be seen beyond the reflection $ool% &ater and foliage,greenery and shade, as here under the building, are rare in the desert of the

    southwest "a(istan coast The sche#e is a #ore clearly longitudinal one with a

    loco#otive $ulling it toward the triangle and a fortissi#o enrich#ent of golden

    detail at the $orte)cochere, $ro*ected far beyond the reflection $ool, and above it the

    large green glare)$roof glass of the stac(+ of rece$tion lobbies% n the north side,

    louvers -also gold)anodi.ed/, which 0 used early in the ga#e -as early as 1234 with

    the Kauf#ann Desert 5ouse%/

    Rather 1isingenuousl.0 gi,en Alean1ers 3rustrations -ith the barrel ,aults0 eutra tells/ellus5hi N -ho as a member o3 the AA> has some 7o-er o,er the 1esign that he

    -as ins7ire1 b. the moti3 he sa- else-here in south Asia -ith its rh.thmi5all. rolling

    http://www.neutra.org/beverly.html%2011/4/2013%2010.21http://www.searchquotes.com/quotation/I_am_an_eyewitness_to_the_ways_in_which_people_relate_to_themselves_and_to_each_other%2C_and_my_work_i/17766/http://www.searchquotes.com/quotation/I_am_an_eyewitness_to_the_ways_in_which_people_relate_to_themselves_and_to_each_other%2C_and_my_work_i/17766/http://www.searchquotes.com/quotes/author/Richard_Neutra/http://www.neutra.org/beverly.html%2011/4/2013%2010.21http://www.searchquotes.com/quotation/I_am_an_eyewitness_to_the_ways_in_which_people_relate_to_themselves_and_to_each_other%2C_and_my_work_i/17766/http://www.searchquotes.com/quotation/I_am_an_eyewitness_to_the_ways_in_which_people_relate_to_themselves_and_to_each_other%2C_and_my_work_i/17766/http://www.searchquotes.com/quotes/author/Richard