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PANDUAN

NO. 008/BM/2008

PANDUAN ANALISIS HARGA SATUAN Pendukung Spesifikasi Umum edisi Desember 2006

NOPEMBER 2008

DEPARTEMEN PEKERJAAN UMUMDIREKTORAT JENDERAL BINA MARGA

Panduan Analisis Harga Satuan

Daftar I s iDaftar I s i............................................................................................................................... i Kata Pengantar ......................................................................................................................iii Pendahuluan ..........................................................................................................................iv 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ruang lingkup................................................................................................................. 1 Acuan Normatif............................................................................................................... 1 Istilah dan definisi ........................................................................................................... 1 Rangkuman .................................................................................................................... 4 Persyaratan .................................................................................................................... 5

5.1

Umum .......................................................................................................................5

5.2 Komponen Harga Satuan Dasar (HSD) ....................................................................5 5.2.1 Umum ..................................................................................................................5 5.2.2 Bahan ...................................................................................................................6 5.2.2.1 Umum ....................................................................................................6 5.2.2.2 Harga satuan dasar bahan baku .......................................................6 5.2.2.3 Harga satuan dasar (HSD) bahan olahan .......................................7 5.2.2.4 Harga satuan dasar (HSD) bahan jadi .............................................8 5.2.3 Alat.......................................................................................................................8 5.2.3.1 Masukan perhitungan biaya alat .......................................................8 5.2.3.2 Proses perhitungan harga satuan dasar alat ..................................9 5.2.3.2.1 Biaya Pasti .......................................................................................9 5.2.3.2.2 Biaya tidak pasti atau biaya operasi ..........................................10 5.2.3.2.2.1 Perhitungan Biaya Operasi (Cara Teoritis)..........................10 5.2.3.2.2.2 Perhitungan Biaya Operasi (Cara Pendekatan) .................11 5.2.3.3 Luaran (Output)..................................................................................12 5.2.4 Tenaga Kerja ......................................................................................................13 5.2.4.1 Umum ..................................................................................................13 5.2.4.2 Hari Orang Standar (Standard Man Day) ......................................13 5.2.4.3 Jam Orang Standar (Standard Man Hour).....................................13 5.2.4.4 Estimasi harga satuan dasar tenaga kerja ....................................13 5.3 Biaya Umum Dan Keuntungan (Overhead & Profit) .............................................14 5.3.1 Biaya Umum (Overhead)...................................................................................14 5.3.2 Keuntungan (Profit) ...........................................................................................14 5.3.3 Estimasi biaya umum dan keuntungan ..............................................................146. Perhitungan harga satuan pekerjaan ............................................................................ 14

6.1

Umum .....................................................................................................................14

6.2 Bahan ......................................................................................................................15 6.2.1 Umum ................................................................................................................15 6.2.2 Faktor Kembang Susut.......................................................................................15 6.2.3 Faktor Kehilangan..............................................................................................15 6.2.4 Faktor kuantitas dan proporsi bahan (dari Spesifikasi Teknik) .........................16 6.2.5 Harga Satuan Dasar Bahan ................................................................................16 6.2.5.1 Bahan dari Quarry..............................................................................16 i

Panduan Analisis Harga Satuan

6.2.5.1.1 6.2.5.1.2 6.2.5.1.3

Harga Satuan Dasar Bahan Baku..............................................16 Harga Satuan Dasar Bahan Olahan ..........................................17 Harga Satuan Dasar Bahan Jadi................................................17

6.3 Alat..........................................................................................................................17 6.3.1 Koefisien alat .....................................................................................................17 6.3.1.1 Jenis alat .............................................................................................18 6.3.1.2 Kapasitas produksi ............................................................................18 6.3.1.3 Faktor efisiensi alat............................................................................19 6.3.1.4 Waktu siklus........................................................................................20 6.3.1.5 Kapasitas produksi alat.....................................................................20 6.3.2 Harga Satuan Dasar Alat....................................................................................20 6.3.2.1 Kapasitas Alat.....................................................................................20 6.3.2.2 Harga Pokok Alat ...............................................................................20 6.3.2.3 Nilai Sisa Peralatan ...........................................................................21 6.3.2.4 Umur Ekonomis Peralatan ...............................................................21 6.3.2.5 Jam Kerja Peralatan ..........................................................................21 6.3.2.6 Perhitungan harga satuan dasar alat .............................................21 6.4 Tenaga Kerja ...........................................................................................................21 6.4.1 Umum ................................................................................................................22 6.4.2 Kualifikasi Tenaga Kerja ...................................................................................22 6.4.3 Langkah Perhitungan Harga Komponen Tenaga Kerja .....................................22 6.4.4 Koefisien Tenaga Kerja .....................................................................................22 6.4.5 Harga Satuan Dasar Tenaga Kerja .....................................................................23 6.4.5.1 Standar Upah......................................................................................23 6.4.5.2 Perhitungan Upah ..............................................................................23 6.5 Biaya Umum Dan Keuntungan ...............................................................................23 6.6 Estimasi Biaya ........................................................................................................24 6.6.1 Harga Satuan Setiap Mata Pembayaran .............................................................24 6.6.2 Volume Pekerjaan ..............................................................................................24 6.6.3 Harga Pekerjaan Setiap Mata Pembayaran ........................................................24 6.6.4 Harga Total Seluruh Mata Pembayaran .............................................................24 6.6.5 Pajak Pertambahan Nilai (PPN).........................................................................24 6.6.6 Perkiraan (Estimasi) Biaya Proyek ....................................................................247. 8. Perangkat Lunak (Software) PAHS............................................................................... 24 Penutup ........................................................................................................................ 25

Lampiran A Faktor atau Koefisien Bahan dan Alat ............................................................. 26 Lampiran B Contoh Analisis Harga Satuan Bahan .............................................................. 30 Lampiran C Contoh perhitungan koefisien tenaga kerja dan upah...................................... 35 Lampiran D Contoh Perhitungan Harga Dasar Alat ............................................................ 37 Bibliografi ............................................................................................................................. 38

ii

Panduan Analisis Harga Satuan

Kata Pengantar

Panduan Analisis Harga Satuan No 008/BM/2008 merupakan pengembangan dari Panduan Analisis Harga Satuan No. 28/T/BM/1995 yang dikeluarkan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Bina Marga Departemen Pekerjaan Umum pada tahun 1995. Penyusunan panduan ini dilakukan sebagai revisi guna mengantisipasi kemajuan teknologi yang erat hubungannya dengan pelaksanaan pekerjaan di bidang