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    TEXT-BASEDTEXT-BASEDNGLISH

    NGLISH

    T ACHING

    ACHING

    presented by

    EKA PURNAMA, SPd

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    Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris di SMA/MAMata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris di SMA/MA

    bertujuan agar peserta didik memiliki kemampuanbertujuan agar peserta didik memiliki kemampuan

    sebagai berikut.sebagai berikut.MengembangkanMengembangkan kompetensi berkomunikasikompetensi berkomunikasi

    dalam bentuk lisan dan tulis untuk mencapai tingkatdalam bentuk lisan dan tulis untuk mencapai tingkat

    literasiliterasi informationalinformational

    Memiliki kesadaran tentang hakikat danMemiliki kesadaran tentang hakikat dan

    pentingnya bahasa Inggris untuk meningkatkanpentingnya bahasa Inggris untuk meningkatkan

    daya saing bangsa dalam masyarakat globaldaya saing bangsa dalam masyarakat global

    Mengembangkan pemahaman peserta didikMengembangkan pemahaman peserta didik

    tentang keterkaitan antara bahasa dengan budaya.tentang keterkaitan antara bahasa dengan budaya.

    (Standar Isi)(Standar Isi)

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    DiscourseDiscourse

    CompetenceCompetence

    Socio-culturalSocio-cultural

    CompetenceCompetence

    Linguistic CompetenceLinguistic Competence ActionalActional

    CompetenceCompetence

    Strategic CompetenceStrategic Competence

    CommunicativeCommunicativeCompetenceCompetenceCelce-Murcia et al. (1995:10)Celce-Murcia et al. (1995:10)

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    What is theWhat is the

    GENRE/LITERACYGENRE/LITERACYAPROACHAPROACH ??

    ??BASIC METHODOLOGYBASIC METHODOLOGYinin ELTELT

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    GENRE/LITERACY APPROACHGENRE/LITERACY APPROACH

    BUILDINGBUILDING

    KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE

    OF THE FIELDOF THE FIELD

    (TEXT)(TEXT)

    MODELLING OF TEXTMODELLING OF TEXTJOINTJOINTCONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION

    OF TEXTOF TEXT

    INDEPENDENTINDEPENDENT

    CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTIONOF TEXTOF TEXT

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    ?APPROACH

    GENREGENRE

    LITERACYLITERACY

    TEXT-BASEDTEXT-BASED

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    STANDAR ISI (SI)STANDAR ISI (SI)

    STANDAR KOMPETENSISTANDAR KOMPETENSILULUSAN (SKLLULUSAN (SKL))

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    Text-basedText-based

    SyllabusSyllabust ncorporates an ncreas ng

    t ncorporates an ncreas ng

    understand ng of

    nderstand ng of how language ishow language is

    structuredstructured andand how language is usedhow language is usedin social contextsin social contexts

    Syllabus type:Syllabus type:A type o !"xed syllabus

    All t#e ele!e$ts o %a&"ous ot#e&syllabus types 'a$ 'o$st"tute a&epe&to"&e &o! (#"'# a text-based syllabus 'a$ be des")$ed

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    VIEW OF LANGUAGE:VIEW OF LANGUAGE:

    La$)ua)e o''u&s asLa$)ua)e o''u&s as (#ole texts(#ole texts(#"'# a&e e!bedded "$ t#e(#"'# a&e e!bedded "$ t#eso'"al 'o$texts "$ (#"'# t#ey a&eso'"al 'o$texts "$ (#"'# t#ey a&eusedused

    VIEW OF LANGUAGE LEARNING:VIEW OF LANGUAGE LEARNING:

    People lea&$ la$)ua)ePeople lea&$ la$)ua)e

    t#&ou)# (o&*"$) ("t#t#&ou)# (o&*"$) ("t#

    (#ole(#oletextstexts

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    MMethodology:ethodology:is based on a model of teachingis based on a model of teaching

    and learning in which the learnerand learning in which the learner

    gradually gains increasinggradually gains increasing

    control ofcontrol of text-typestext-types

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    Text-based SyllabusText-based Syllabus

    "s p&"!a&"ly 'o$'e&$ed ("t#"s p&"!a&"ly 'o$'e&$ed ("t#(#at lea&$e&s do ("t# la$)ua)e+(#at lea&$e&s do ("t# la$)ua)e+

    "+e+"+e+ (#at t#ey do ("t# (#ole(#at t#ey do ("t# (#oletexts "$ 'o$texttexts "$ 'o$text

    A text-based syllabusA text-based syllabus

    "s 'o$'e&$ed ("t#"s 'o$'e&$ed ("t#$"ts o$"ts od"s'ou&sed"s'ou&se'alled'alledtete

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    Text-based Syllabus design draws on theText-based Syllabus design draws on thesystemic functional model of language.systemic functional model of language.

    T#e !a"$ 'o$'epts:T#e !a"$ 'o$'epts: La$)ua)e "s a &esou&'e o&La$)ua)e "s a &esou&'e o& makingmakingmeaningmeaning

    T#e &esou&'e o la$)ua)e 'o$s"sts o a setT#e &esou&'e o la$)ua)e 'o$s"sts o a set

    oo interrelated systeminterrelated system La$)ua)e use&sLa$)ua)e use&s draw on this resourcedraw on this resourceea'#ea'#

    t"!e t#ey use la$)ua)et"!e t#ey use la$)ua)e

    Language users create textsLanguage users create textsto !a*eto !a*e

    !ea$"$)!ea$"$)

    TextsTextsa&e s#aped bya&e s#aped by the social contextthe social context"$"$

    (#"'# t#ey a&e used(#"'# t#ey a&e used

    The social contextThe social context"s s#aped by"s s#aped by people us"$)people us"$)t#e la$)ua)et#e la$)ua)e

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    The most effective methodologyThe most effective methodology

    for implementing a text-asedfor implementing a text-ased

    sylla!s is thesylla!s is the

    GENRE/LTER!"# !$$R%!"&GENRE/LTER!"# !$$R%!"& , t(o. 'y'les, t(o. 'y'leso&alo&al a$da$d

    (&"tte$(&"tte$ Ea'# 'y'le 'o$s"sts oEa'# 'y'le 'o$s"sts o 00

    ou&. sta)esou&. sta)es::1+1+ 2u"ld"$) 3$o(led)e o 4"eld2u"ld"$) 3$o(led)e o 4"eld

    ,+,+ 5odel"$) o Text5odel"$) o Text

    6+6+7o"$t Co$st&u't"o$ o Text7o"$t Co$st&u't"o$ o Text

    0+0+ I$depe$de$t Co$st&u't"o$ o TextI$depe$de$t Co$st&u't"o$ o Text

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    GENRE/LITERACYGENRE/LITERACY

    APPROACHAPPROACH

    BUILDINGBUILDING

    KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE

    OF THE FIELDOF THE FIELD

    (TEXT)(TEXT)

    MODELLING OF TEXTMODELLING OF TEXTJOINTJOINTCONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION

    OF TEXTOF TEXT

    INDEPENDENTINDEPENDENT

    CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTIONOF TEXTOF TEXT

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    1.1. BBUILDINGUILDING KKNOWLEDGENOWLEDGE OOF THEF THE FFIELDIELD

    StudentsStudents are introduced to theare introduced to the socialsocial

    contextcontextof the textof the text

    explore theexplore the culturalculturalcontextcontextandandsocialsocialpurposepurposeof the text-typeof the text-type

    are exposed to the relevantare exposed to the relevant

    vocabularyvocabularyandand grammaticalgrammaticalpatternspatterns

    are exposed to theare exposed to the genericgenericfeaturesfeaturesof the textof the text

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    2.2.mmodelingodelingooffttextextStudentsStudents

    n!est"#te t$en!est"#te t$e structural patternsstructural patterns#nd#ndlanguage featureslanguage features%& t$e '%de%& t$e '%de

    comparecomparet$e '%de t$t$e '%de t$ %t$e* e+#',es%t$e* e+#',es%&%&t$e te+t-t.,et$e te+t-t.,e

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    3.3.JJOINTOINTCCONSTRUCTIONONSTRUCTION

    OOFFTHETHETTEXTEXTStude$ts be)"$ toStude$ts be)"$ to

    'o$t&"bute'o$t&"buteto t#eto t#e'o$st&u't"o$'o$st&u't"o$o t#e (#oleo t#e (#ole

    exa!ples o t#eexa!ples o t#etexttext--typetype

    Stude$ts (o&* "$Stude$ts (o&* "$'ollabo&at"o$'ollabo&at"o$"$ pa"&s o&"$ pa"&s o&

    s!all )&oup-(o&*.s!all )&oup-(o&*.

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    4.4. IIndependentndependent

    CConstructiononstruction ooff TTextext

    Stude$ts (o&*Stude$ts (o&*

    "$depe$de$tly"$depe$de$tly("t#("t#

    t#e textt#e text

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    3u&890 /3u&890 /

    323323To develop te !t"de#t!$To develop te !t"de#t!$COMMUNICATI%E COMPETENCE&COMMUNICATI%E COMPETENCE&

    COMMUNICATI/ECOMMUNICATI/E

    APPROACHAPPROACH

    GENRE APPROACHGENRE APPROACH

    Grammatical CompetenceSocio-linguistic CompetenceDiscourse CompetenceStrategic Competence

    ( C#n#e #nd S#n0 1234 )

    Discourse CompetenceActional CompetenceLinguistic CompetenceSocio-cultural CompetenceStrategic Competence

    (Ce5e-Mu*5#0 et #0 1226)

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    COMMUNICATIVECOMMUNICATIVE

    APPROACHAPPROACHA$ app&oa'# to o&e")$ o&A$ app&oa'# to o&e")$ o&

    se'o$d la$)ua)e tea'#"$)se'o$d la$)ua)e tea'#"$)

    (#"'# e!p#as"es t#at t#e )oal(#"'# e!p#as"es t#at t#e )oalo la$)ua)e lea&$"$) "so la$)ua)e lea&$"$) "s

    ??

    COMMUNICATIVECOMMUNICATIVE

    COMPETENCECOMPETENCERichards, J.C. et al. 199. Longman Dictiona! o" Lang#ag$T$ac%ing an& A''(i$& Ling#i)tic)* !"#L$%&'a%

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    THE PRINCIPLESTHE PRINCIPLES oo

    CO55;NICATI

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    Wa(s $) Achie*i%& the O+ecti*es#Wa(s $) Achie*i%& the O+ecti*es#

    1.1. Use natural English (theUse natural English (the

    teacher and the students)teacher and the students)

    2.2. Use language unctions inUse language unctions inappropriate situationsappropriate situations

    !.!. "ocus on meaning rather than"ocus on meaning rather than

    ormorm

    #.#.Teacher as acilitatorTeacher