jaringan perpipaan air limbah -perencanaan

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Jaringan Perpipaan Air Limbah -Perencanaan, Bangun Isman Syah

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TATA CARA RANCANGAN SISTEM JARINGAN PERPIPAAN AIR LIMBAH TERPUSAT

Tentang PEDOMAN PERENCANAAN

DEPARTEMEN PEKERJAAN UMUM DIREKTORAT JENDERAL CIPTA KARYA

DIREKTORAT PENGEMBANGAN PLP

DAFTAR ISI

halaman Prakata...................................................................................................................... i Daftar Isi.................................................................................................................... ii Daftar Tabel ............................................................................................................... iv Daftar Gambar ........................................................................................................... v 1 Deskripsi .......................................................................................................... 1.1 Ruang Lingkup........................................................................................ 1.2 Acuan Normatif ....................................................................................... 1.3 Istilah dan Definisi .................................................................................. 1.3.1. Jaringan Perpipaan Air Limbah Sistem Terpusat.......................... 1.3.2. Sistem Terpisah............................................................................ 1.3.3. Zona Off - Site.............................................................................. 1.3.4. Pipa Persil..................................................................................... 1.3.5. Private Box................................................................................... 1.3.6. House Inlet.................................................................................... 1.3.6. Lubang Inspeksi............................................................................ 1.3.7. Pipa Service.................................................................................. 1.3.8. Pipa Lateral................................................................................... 1.3.9. Pipa Cabang................................................................................. 1.3.10. Pipa Induk..................................................................................... 1.3.11. Seksi Pipa..................................................................................... 1.3.12. Bangunan Pelengkap/Penunjang.................................................. 1.3.13. Manhole........................................................................................ 1.3.14. Ventilasi Udara............................................................................. 1.3.15. Terminal Clean Out....................................................................... 1.3.16. Siphon (Inverted).......................................................................... 1.3.17. Stasiun Pompa............................................................................. 1.3.18. Populasi Ekivalen......................................................................... 1.3.19. Invert Pipa.................................................................................... 1.3.20. Black Water.................................................................................. 1.3.21. Grey Water................................................................................... 1.3.22. Shop Drawing............................................................................... 1.3.23. As Built Drawing........................................................................... Ketentuan-Ketentuan ........................................................................................ 4 2.1 Umum..................................................................................................... 2.1.1. Perencanaan Sistem Jaringan Air Limbah.................................... 2.1.2. Pelaksanan Perencanaan............................................................. 2.1.3. Pembahasan Isi Laporan.............................................................. 2.1.4. Pelaporan..................................................................................... 2.2 Teknis..................................................................................................... 2.2.1. Data Yang Digunakan................................................................... 2.2.2. Standar Kriteria............................................................................. 2.2.3. Cakupan Pelayanan...................................................................... 2.2.4. Pelaporan..................................................................................... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3

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4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

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Spesifikasi Teknis..... ........................................................................................ 6 3.1 Pipa Beton............................................................................................... 6 3.2 Pipa Cash Iron........................................................................................ 8

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4

Pipa Sbes Semen................................................................................... 8 Vitrified Clay Pipa (VCP)......................................................................... 8 Pipa plastik.............................................................................................. 11 Manhole.................................................................................................. 12

Persiapan perencanaan.................................................................................... 15 4.1 Sosialisasi............................................................................................... 15 4.2 Koordinasi .............................................................................................. 15 4.3 Survey Rinci ........................................................................................... 15 Perencanaan Teknis ........................................................................................ 17 5.1 Penyusunan (review) lay out dan Pemilihan Paket Pekerjaan Prioritas ............................................................................................. 17 5.2 Daerah Dan Tingkat Pelayanan.............................................................. 17 5.3 Desain Aktual........................................................................................... 18 5.4 Debit Desain.................................................................................... 20 5.5 Kecepatan dan kemiringan pipa............................................................... 21 5.6 Kedalaman Pipa...................................................................................... 22 5.7 Hidrolika Pipa........................................................................................... 22 5.8 Dimensi Pipa Dan Ekuvalen Yang Dilayani............................................. 24 5.9 Pemilihan Bahan Pipa ............................................................................ 25 5.10 Bentuk Penampang Pipa......................................................................... 26 5.11 Bahan Di Atas Pipa dan Bedding............................................................ 26 5.12 Manhole.................................................................................................. 26 5.13 Bangunan Penggelontor.......................................................................... 29 5.14 Siphon..................................................................................................... 30 5.15 Terminal Clean Out................................................................................. 30 5.16 Stasiun Pompa........................................................................................ 30 5.17 Sambungan Rumah................................................................................ 36 5.18 Penyajian Gambar Kerja (Shop Drawing)................................................ 39

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5.19 Tahapan Desain Secara Manual............................................................. 40 5.20 Tata Cara Analisa Perhitungan BOQ dan RAB....................................... 40 5.20.1.Tata Cara Perhitungan BOQ......................................................... 40 5.20.2. Tata Cara Perhitungan RAB......................................................... 41

DAFTAR TABEL

halamanTabel 1 Tabel 2 Tabel 3 Tabel 4 Tabel 5 Tabel 6 Tabel 7 Diemensi Rangka Penutup Manhole................................................ Koefisien Kekasaran Pipa................................................................. Nilai PE Untuk Setiap Kegiatan......................................................... Konvensi Nilai PE dan Diameter Pipa............................................... Jarak Antar Manhole Pada Jalur Lurus............................................. Kapasitas Penggelontoran................................................................ Dimensi Lubang Inspeksi.................................................................. 13 21 25 25 27 29 37

DAFTAR GAMBAR halamanGambar 1 Gambar 2 Gambar 3 Alur Perencaan.................................................. Metoda Analisa ................................................. Batas Sambungan Rumah................................................... 18 19 37

PRAKATATatacara Perencanaan Jaringan Perpipaan air Limbah Terpusat ini dimaksudkan sebagai petunjuk bagi pelaksana yang terlibat dalam perencanaan Jaringan perpipaan Air Limbah Sistem Terpusat. Dengan menggunakan acuan ini diharapkan dapat mengujudkan suatu pekerjaan perencanaan Jaringan Perpipaan air Limbah Terpusat yang memenuhi ketentuan minimum serta mendapatkan hasil pekerjaan yang memenuhi persyaratan yang telah ditentukan.

BAB I DESKRIPSI 1.1. Ruang lingkup Tata cara ini mencakup ketentuan-kete