peran perawat kom

27
ROLES AND FUNCTIONS of HEALTH COMMUNITY NURSES Madyo Maryoto.MNS

Upload: wahyu-febrianto

Post on 23-Dec-2015

274 views

Category:

Documents


3 download

DESCRIPTION

peran perawat komunitas

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Peran Perawat Kom

ROLES AND FUNCTIONS of HEALTH COMMUNITY NURSES

Madyo Maryoto.MNS

Page 2: Peran Perawat Kom

Perawat belum mampu melaksanakan fungsi dan peran perawat , saat ini masih banyak kita jumpai bahwa perawat belum mampu melaksanakan fungsi dan peran mereka sebagaimana yang di harapkan di pelayanan baik mereka yang bekerja di rumah sakit maupun pusat pelayanan di masyarakat.

Fenomena

Page 3: Peran Perawat Kom

A. Client Oriented Roles

B. Delivery Oriented Roles

C. Population oriented Roles

Roles

Page 4: Peran Perawat Kom

A. Client Oriented Roles

Page 5: Peran Perawat Kom

Mencakup penggunaan prinsip-prinsip epidemiologi dan proses keperawatan dalam pelayanan klien di berbagai level yaitu:

Individu

Keluarga

Kelompok

Masyarakat

1. Caregiver

Page 6: Peran Perawat Kom

Process of facilitating learning that lead to

positive health behavior

eg: educate individuals and they families about adequate nutrition

2. Educator

Page 7: Peran Perawat Kom

Process of helping the client to choose viable

solution to health problems

3. Counselor

Page 8: Peran Perawat Kom

Identify problems

Community Nurses

Clients(Indiv,

family dan community)

Identify Solutions

Develop criteria of acceptable solutions

Evaluate efect of solutions on

problem

Implement chosen solutions

Evaluate proposed solutions in term of criteria

Page 9: Peran Perawat Kom

Process of directing clients to resources

required to meet their needs

4. Referral Resource

Page 10: Peran Perawat Kom

Someone who consciously or unconsciously

demonstrates behavior to others who will perform similar role.

5. Role Model

Page 11: Peran Perawat Kom

A health case manager is a health professional

who coordinates and directs the selection and use of health care to meet clients needs services, maximize resource utilization and minimize the expense of care.

6. Case Manager

Page 12: Peran Perawat Kom

The case menejemen society of America

(1995) define case management as a collaborative process which asses, plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate option and services to meet an individual’s health need trough communication and available resources to promote quality cost-effective outcome.

Page 13: Peran Perawat Kom

Tujuan case management adalah

mengidentifikasi klien dengan resiko tinggi atau dengan potensi untuk tingginya biaya kebutuhan pelayanan, membuat pilihan yang tepat diantara ketersediaan pelayanan dan mengontrol biaya serta mengkoordinasikan perawatan untuk mencapai kepuasan optimal klien.

Page 14: Peran Perawat Kom

B. Delivery Oriented Role

Page 15: Peran Perawat Kom

Coordination is the process of organizing and

integrating services to best meet client needs in the most efficient manner possible.

1. Coordinator/Care Manager

Page 16: Peran Perawat Kom

Dynamic, transforming process of creating a

power sharing partnership (Sulivan, 1998)

2. Collaborator

Page 17: Peran Perawat Kom

The liaison role of community health nurse

incorporates facets of the coordinator and referral resource roles and may even incorporate the advocacy role, depending on the client situation.

A liaison provides a connection, relationships, or intercommunication

3. Liaison

Page 18: Peran Perawat Kom

C. Pupulation Oriented Role

Page 19: Peran Perawat Kom

Case finding community health nurse involves

identifying individual case or occurrences of specific diseases or other health related condition requiring services

1. Case Finder

Page 20: Peran Perawat Kom

Requisite skill for community health nurses. Ability to influences the behavior of other

2. Leader

Page 21: Peran Perawat Kom

A one who initiates and brings about change. Perawat komunitas memberikan pelayanan

sebagai change agent

3. Change Agent

Page 22: Peran Perawat Kom

Process by which community groups identify

common goals and mobilize assets to implement strategies that address local concerns (Berkowitz et al 2001)

4 Community Mobilizer

Page 23: Peran Perawat Kom

Process of creating temporary or permanent

alliance of individuals or groups to achieves a specific purpose

5. Coalition Builder

Page 24: Peran Perawat Kom

A person or group people who work for and

argue on behalf policy formation or changes in policy that influence the health of population groups.

6. Policy Advocate

Page 25: Peran Perawat Kom

Community health nursing function related to

the social marketer role include identifying a needed change in societal behavior, analyzing behavior motivation and perceived benefits and barriers to action, identifying particular target markets for intervention and determining the unique features of those market, developing and testing strategies to promote the desired change, implementing those strategies, and evaluating their effecti.veness

7. Social Marketer

Page 26: Peran Perawat Kom

Explore phenomena obesrved in the world

with the intent of understanding , explaining and ultimatly controling them

8. Researcher

Page 27: Peran Perawat Kom

Terima kasih