makalah spray column

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    MAKALAH PERALATAN INDUSTRI PROSES I

    KOLOM SEMBUR (SPRAY COLUMN)

    DISUSUN OLEH:

    ADE DWI OKTAVIANI (NIM: 0614 3040 0288)

    NOVAL HARIYANTO (NIM: 0614 3040 0302)

    SILVINA NURAHWATI (NIM: 0614 3040 123!)

    KELAS: 3 KA

    DOSEN PENA"AR:

    MEILIANTI# S$T$# M$T$

    "URUSAN TEKNIK KIMIA

    POLITEKNIK NEERI SRIWI"AYA

    201%

    1

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    KATA PENGANTAR

    P&' *&+&, +-.// T&/ Y/ M// E/ // 5-,+/ / +/,&/*/

    .-5&// /+/7/ P-,/7// I&, P,- */ 5-,'&&7 K7 S-5&,

    (S.,/* 97&) /./ -7-/+/ -/ 5/+$

    M/+/7/ 5&/ &&+ -7-+/. 5// .-7/'/,/ 5/ //;/

    P7-++ N--, S,;'/*/ '&,&/ T-++ K/ +&&*/ &&+ //;/

    ---, III$ M/-, */ 5// .// /+/7/ //,/ 7/ : 1) M-/,/

    S-5&,# 2) K7 /5,5# 3) M-/,/ S

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    DAFTAR ISI

    I$ K// P-//,

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 1

    II$ D/=/, I

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2

    III$ M-/,/ S-5&,

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 3

    IV$ P-,/7// P// M-/,/ S-5&,

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 3

    IV$1$ K7 A5,5

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 3

    IV$2$ M-/,/

    IV$%$ S,..-,

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 8

    V$ P-,/*// $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

    $$$$$$$ 10

    VI$ K-.&7/ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

    $$$$$$$ 14

    3

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    KOLOM SEMBUR ( SPRAY COLOUM )

    I. MENARA SEMBUR ( SPRAY TOWER )

    M-/,/ -5&, -,&./+/ &/& -/,/ // /7/ -/,/

    -,-5& /+/ 5-,7/& +/+ =-,-/7# */ 5-,7/& -

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    5-,/& .// 7/'& /7,/# +/# / +/,/+-,+ .-5/// +-&/

    =/-# / 5//*/ //,+/ // .-/7//$

    D/7/ +-/// -5-/,*/ /7/ -/,/ # +/+ //,/ --/

    --/ -/ =/- +& -, /./+ // -=-+= .// /-,/

    // --/ & 5-&+$ H/7 -5/5+/ 7- 7/'& .-,.// //

    */ 7-5 .// --/ */ 5/,& -,5-&+# //& +/,/ .-

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    Gambar 1. Skema Meara Semb!r ("#ra$ %&'er)

    P-&.&7/ / M-/,/ S.,/* 5/ &/+/ &&+ .-*-,/./

    /# -/. -,-+/ /+ --=-+= +-/ //& -/,/ .,$ M-/,/

    -., /./ // -=-+= /7/ -7/+/ .7&/ '+/ .7&/

    // 7/,& //& '+/ .-,-/+ +/ /5/+/ +-

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    .-,7&+/$ S-7/ &+&,/ =+ /, -/,/ -., /+/ -5//

    '&7/

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    */ +& -/ .-7/,&/$ K-7/,&/ / */ /+/ -,/. /./

    -5/5+/ /*/ 7- /*/@/*/ =+ (.// /5,. =+) //& -7/

    /*/ -,-5& '&/ 7- +// +/ (.// /5,. +/)$ K.-

    / */ /./ -//+/ +// +/ /+/ 7/,&+/ 7-5 /&7&

    / '&/ -/ +-

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    (-,&// /7/ +// =+)# */ /./ -/5/ /*/ +-7/,&/$

    P// 5-5/ .,-# /./ 7/+&+/ +&7/ /5,5- &&+

    --7&/,+/ .// /5,5 -/

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    Pr"# Ker*a K&&m Ab"&rb"

    1$ K7 /5,5 //7/ -5&/ +7# // // ?/ */ 5-,5-/ =/-

    -/7, 5-,7/;// /,/ */ /./ -*-5/5+/ +.- +/

    ,/=-, /, /& =/-

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    A7/

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    P/,+-7 ./,+-7 -5& -,-5& /7, 7- / */

    +-&/ -*-5/5+/ ./,+-7 -,-5& 5-,&./ --/ --/

    */ -,./ -7/7& .,- =&$

    3$ H&=+/

    T--/ -5& -,-5& 7/7& =7/+/ -/

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    +-

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    B-5-,/./ +-&&/ /, W- S

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    3$ V-&, S

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    .- /, / 5&/ &, +/$ R-/ &+&,/ -5& */

    /./ ./+/ /7/ //,/ 3 % +,$

    %$ P/

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    +/,/+-,+ +--5// *- '&/ .-,7& +-/& +/,/+-,+

    E/7. *-$

    H&=+/ //& .-7-5/./ -,&./+/ .,- */ -75/+/

    .-,.// // //,/ =//

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    P,. //, S.,/* ,* //7/ -.-,7&/ .-,&+//

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    Gambar 3. Aa% S#ra$ Dr$er

    S-7/ &/+/ &&+ .-5&// &/ -,5&+ /# .,/*

    ,*-, '&/ ./+/ &&+ .-5&// 5/@5//# /# -,/7# //

    7-/+# / .,-$ S.,/* ,*-, '&/ /.& &&+ -5&/ -*/;/@

    -*/;/ =+/ -.-, =7/ / 7+.-$ M/7/ -+7 -,5/,&

    -'/+/ .,/* ,* /.& -+/.&7+/ .,5+ */ //

    5/+ 5/ - .-

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    9/5-, -,&./+/ ,&/ // -,'/ +/+ //,/ ,.7-

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    /+, */ .-,7& -/./ .-,// /7/ - S.,/* D,*-, //7/

    ,&/ .--,/ */ &&*/ 5-,5-&+ +7# */+ -/+7/

    -7 /-,/7 +7 */ -./# +-/7&/ .-,&+// 5//

    /7/ +7 */ --& */,/ -,/&+ - / -5//*/#

    -/ /+ -/5/ +-7/&/ .,- .--,/ -.-,

    5// /./ -/7, &,& /./ /5//# ;/+& .--,/ */

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    >$ T+/ 7/7/ 5// .-7/,& : 5// .-7/,& -/ +/

    7/7/ */ /./ -.-,

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    KESIMPULAN

    M-/,/ -5&, -,&./+/ &/& -/,/ // /7/ -/,/

    -,-5& /+/ 5-,7/& +/+ =-,-/7# */ 5-,7/& -