dosis obat

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DAFTAR LAZIM OBAT DEWASA DAN ANAK, BAYI oleh : Wildan AF NO NAMA ZAT pmkn DEWASA UMUR/ BB SEKALI SEHARI KETERANGAN ANTIBIOTIK 1 AMPICILLLIN Oral 250-500mg/x 50-100mg/kg : 4 DO im / iv 25-50mg/kg :2 DO inf >>100-150mg 2 Amoxicillin Oral 250-500mg/x 50-100mg/kg 3 Penicillin G 300rb-1jt 50rb IU/kg 4 Chloramphenicol Oral 250-500mg/x neo genap bln 25mg/kg : 4 DO iv premtur . 2bln 50mg/kg : 4 DO 5 Cotrimoxazol 160mg/x 35mg/kg :2 DO 6 Tetracyclin Oral 500mg/x 20-40mg/kg : 4 DO 7 Erytromicyn Oral 200-450mg/x < 1 thn 50mg 1-2mg /4Jam 1-6 thn 100mg 6-12 tyhn 200mg 8 Sulfadiazin Oral 1000mg/x 100-150mg/kg : 4 DO 9 Sulfasomidin Oral 1000mg/x 20 mg/kg : 4 DO 10 trisulfa Oral 3-5g/x 200 mg/kg : 4 DO 11 Neomycin Oral 100-200mg/x premtr-by 17,5mg/kg 7-35mg/kg by-anak 17,5mg/kg 70mg/kg 12 Kanamycin sulfat im prem-< 1th 7,5mg/kg 15mg/kg > 1 th 3-7,5mg/kg 6-15mg/kg 13 Nystatin Oral 500rb IU/x lar. 100rb UI/ml lar 400rb UI/ml 14 Colistin 1,5jt IU 250rb IU EXPECTORAN 15 GG Oral 50-100mg 100mg 16 amon klord Oral 75mg/kg 17 Bromhexin HCL Oral 8-16mg/x < 5th=amg/2dd 5-10th=4mg/4dd 18 SASA Oral 1-2% 19 Kali Iodida Oral 3bl-1th ANTI TUBERKULOSA 20 INH Oral 5-15mg/kg 100-400 21 Rifampisin Oral 10-20mg/kg 100-450-600 22 Pirazinamid Oral 20-35mg/kg 500-625 23 Ethambutol Oral 15-25mg/kg 250-500 24 Streptomysin Inj 1.5g (2x/mgg) ANTI HELMENTIK 25 Pirantel pamoat 100mg/x 26 Mebendazole 100-500mg/hr ANTI TUSIF 27 Codein HCL Oral 10-20mg/x 1mg/kg/hr 10-20mg 28 DMP Oral 15-30mg/hr 1mg/kg/hr 15mg 29 Dipheid. HCL Oral 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hr BRONKODILATOR 30 Amonipilin Oral 100-200mg/x 5mg/kg/x 100mg suup 200-500mg/x 7mg/kg/x iv 300-500 3.5mg/kg/x 31 Teophililn Oral 200mg/x 10mg/kg/hr 32 Ephedrin HCL Oral 15-30 mg/x 1mg/kg/hr 33 Salbutamol Oral 2-4mg/x 2-4-6mg ANALGESIK 34 Antalgin Oral 500-1000mg/x 10mg/kg/x 500mg 35 Ascal Oral 300-500mg/x 75mg/kg/hr 36 Asetosal Oral 300-1000mg/x 60mg/kg/hr 100mg 37 Asmet Oral 400-500mg/x 500mg ANTI HISTAMIN 38 CTM Oral 2-4mg/x 0.35mg/kg/hr 4mg 39 Diphehid. HCL Oral 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hr 40 Feniramin Oral 25-50mg/x 6.25-12,5mg/kg 41 Promethazin Oral 12.5-50mg/x 42 Loratadin Oral 10mg/x 10mg=alloris 43 Terfenadin Oral 60mg/x

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Page 1: DOSIS OBAT

DAFTAR LAZIM OBAT DEWASA DAN ANAK, BAYIoleh : Wildan AF

NO NAMA ZAT pmkn DEWASA UMUR/ BB SEKALI SEHARI KETERANGANANTIBIOTIK

1 AMPICILLLIN Oral 250-500mg/x 50-100mg/kg : 4 DOim / iv 25-50mg/kg :2 DO

inf >>100-150mg2 Amoxicillin Oral 250-500mg/x 50-100mg/kg3 Penicillin G 300rb-1jt 50rb IU/kg4 Chloramphenicol Oral 250-500mg/x neo genap bln 25mg/kg : 4 DO

iv premtur . 2bln 50mg/kg : 4 DO

5 Cotrimoxazol 160mg/x 35mg/kg :2 DO6 Tetracyclin Oral 500mg/x 20-40mg/kg : 4 DO

7 Erytromicyn Oral 200-450mg/x < 1 thn 50mg 1-2mg /4Jam1-6 thn 100mg

6-12 tyhn 200mg8 Sulfadiazin Oral 1000mg/x 100-150mg/kg : 4 DO9 Sulfasomidin Oral 1000mg/x 20 mg/kg : 4 DO10 trisulfa Oral 3-5g/x 200 mg/kg : 4 DO

11 Neomycin Oral 100-200mg/x premtr-by 17,5mg/kg 7-35mg/kg

by-anak 17,5mg/kg 70mg/kg12 Kanamycin sulfat im prem-< 1th 7,5mg/kg 15mg/kg

> 1 th 3-7,5mg/kg 6-15mg/kg13 Nystatin Oral 500rb IU/x lar. 100rb UI/ml lar 400rb UI/ml14 Colistin 1,5jt IU 250rb IU

EXPECTORAN15 GG Oral 50-100mg 100mg

16 amon klord Oral 75mg/kg

17 Bromhexin HCL Oral 8-16mg/x < 5th=amg/2dd 5-10th=4mg/4dd18 SASA Oral 1-2%19 Kali Iodida Oral 3bl-1th

ANTI TUBERKULOSA

20 INH Oral 5-15mg/kg 100-40021 Rifampisin Oral 10-20mg/kg 100-450-600

22 Pirazinamid Oral 20-35mg/kg 500-625

23 Ethambutol Oral 15-25mg/kg 250-50024 Streptomysin Inj 1.5g (2x/mgg)ANTI HELMENTIK25 Pirantel pamoat 100mg/x26 Mebendazole 100-500mg/hr

ANTI TUSIF27 Codein HCL Oral 10-20mg/x 1mg/kg/hr 10-20mg28 DMP Oral 15-30mg/hr 1mg/kg/hr 15mg29 Dipheid. HCL Oral 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hr

BRONKODILATOR30 Amonipilin Oral 100-200mg/x 5mg/kg/x 100mg

suup 200-500mg/x 7mg/kg/xiv 300-500 3.5mg/kg/x

31 Teophililn Oral 200mg/x 10mg/kg/hr32 Ephedrin HCL Oral 15-30 mg/x 1mg/kg/hr

33 Salbutamol Oral 2-4mg/x 2-4-6mgANALGESIK

34 Antalgin Oral 500-1000mg/x 10mg/kg/x 500mg35 Ascal Oral 300-500mg/x 75mg/kg/hr36 Asetosal Oral 300-1000mg/x 60mg/kg/hr 100mg37 Asmet Oral 400-500mg/x 500mg

ANTI HISTAMIN38 CTM Oral 2-4mg/x 0.35mg/kg/hr 4mg39 Diphehid. HCL Oral 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hr

40 Feniramin Oral 25-50mg/x 6.25-12,5mg/kg41 Promethazin Oral 12.5-50mg/x42 Loratadin Oral 10mg/x 10mg=alloris43 Terfenadin Oral 60mg/x

Page 2: DOSIS OBAT

44 Aztemizole Oral 10mg/x

45 Dexamethasone Oral 0,5-2mg/x 0,2-0,3mg/kg 0.5-0.75mg46 Prednison Oral 5mg/x 1-2mg/kg 5mg

ARTRITIS RHEMATOID47 Piroxicam Oral 20mg=1dd pc 10-20mg48 Ibuprofen Oral 200mg=1dd pc 200mg

ANTASIDA49 Al.oksida Oral 250-500mg/x50 Al.Hidroksida Oral 250-500mg/x51 Mg. Hidroksida Oral 250-500mg/x

52 Mg.Karbonat Oral 250-500mg/x 3bl-1th 300-400mg/hr

6-12th 900mg-1g/hr 1-6th 600-800mg/hr

53 Bismuth subnitrit Oral 300mg/x54 Cimetidin Oral 800mg/hr/

200-400mg/x55 Famotidine Oral 40mg/x 1-2 dd56 Ranitidin Oral 300mg/hr, 1-2 dd

57 Gimethicon Oral 20-40mg/x 10-40mg/kg58 Promethazin Oral 25mg/x 1-2mg/kg, 3-4 dd

SPASMOLITIK59 Atropin Sulfat Oral 0.25-0.5mg/x 0.02mg/kg60 Ext.Belladona Oral 10-20mg/x 3mg/x

61 Papaverin Oral 10-40mg/x 2.5mg/kg62 Loperamid(2mg) Oral 2x/hr > 1 th 1x/hr

LAXANT63 Mg.Sulfat Oral 5-15g/hr

64 Mg. Co3 Oral 4-8mg/hr65 Parrafin liq Oral 14-45ml/hr a.n66 Bisskodil/dulclac Oral sup 10mg/hr

67 Ol. Ricini Oral 15-60ml/x 5-15ml/xANOREKSAN

68 Amfetamin Sulfat Oral 5mg/x

69 Fenfluramin Oral 40-80mg/hrAPETTIT STIMULANT

70 Julapium Oral 2dd C1, ac71 Tinct.Amara Oral 30mg/xCNS STIMULANT72 Cafein/ Xantin Oral 100-200mg/x 10-50mg/x73 Ergotamine tartrat Oral 0.5-1mg/x 1-2mg/hr

SEDATIF/HIPNOTIK74 Phenobart/luminal Oral 15-30mg/x 2-4mg/kg/x75 Diaz/valium Oral 5-30mg/hr 0.5mg/kg/x76 Na/K/Am bromide Oral 25-50mg/x 60mg/kg/hrTRANQUILIZER

77 Chlorpromazine 25-50mg/x 8mg/kg/hrDIURETIK

78 Furosemide Oral 20-80mg/hr 1-0-0 40mg79 Hydroclorothiazid Oral 25-75mg/x 1-0-1

80 Acetzolamide Oral 250mg-1g/hr:4do (tx glucoma)BETA BLOKER

81 Acebutolol HT 400-800mg/hr 1-2dd

AP 400.600.800mg/hr 1-2dd82 Pindolol HT 5-45mg/hr

P 7.5-20mg/hr 3-4dd

Arytm 10-20mg/hr 3-4dd

ACE INHIBITOR83 Captopril Oral 12.5-25mg/x 3dd 12.5*2584 Enalaproil maleat Oral 10-*-40mg/hr single/devided 5*10HEART FAILURE

85 Digoxin Oral 0.05-0.25mg/hrANTI DIABETIK

86 Glibenclamid Oral 5mg inisially 2.5mg/hr=>+2.5 mg jk 3-5 hari

87 Metformin HCL Oral tab 500mg 3dd tab 850mg 2 dd

Page 3: DOSIS OBAT

oleh : Wildan AF

EKSPECTORANGG 100-200mg/x 50-100mg/xAmmon chlorid 500-1000mg/x 75mg/kg/hrSASA 2-4% 1-2%Bromheksin HCL 8-16mg/x <5th=4mg/2dd

5-10thn= 4mg/4ddKI (sedatif) 250-500mg/xAnak 3bl-1th: 75-150mg/hr

1-6th:300-600mg/hr6-12th:600-900mg/hr

Ipecac/ DOVERI 100-200mg/xAsetilsistein 200mg/x

ANTITUSIFCodein 10-20mg/x 1mg/kg/hrDMP 15-30mg/hr 1mg/kg/hrDiphenhidramin 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hr

DECONGESTAN- BRONCODILATORAminophillin 100-200mg/x 5mg/kg/xSupp 200-500mg/x 7mg/kg/xiv 300-500mg/x 3.5mg/kg/xTeophillin 200mg/x 10mg/kg/hrEphedrin Hcl 15-30mg/x 1mg/kg/hrSalbutamol 2-4mg/x

ANALGETIK - ANTIPIRETIKParasetamol 500-1000mg/x 10mg/kg/x Antalgin 500-1000mg/x

Ascal 300-500mg/x 75mg/kg/hrAsetosal 300-1000mg/x 60mg/kg/hrAs. Mefenamat 400-500mg/kg/x

TRANQUILIZERChlorpromazine 25-50mg/x 6mg/kg/hr

DIURETIKFurosemid 20-80mg/hr 1ddHidroklortiazid 25-75mg/x 2dd pagi-soreKombinasi HCT 50mg & Amiloride Hcl 5mg 1-2 ddAcetazolamide CAI: TX GLAUCOMA 250mg-1g/hr: 1-4dd

BETA BLOKERAcetabutolol HT : 400-800mg/hr 1-2dd

AP: 400.600.800mg/hr, 1-2 ddPindolol HT: 5-45mg/hr

AP: 7.5-20mg/hr, 3-4ddAritmia 10-20mg/hr,3-4dd

ACE INHIBITORCaptopril 12.5-25/x 3ddEnalapril maleat 10-40mg/hr 1dd

HEART FAILUREDigoxine 0.06-0.25mg/hr

ANTI DMGlibenklamide 5 mginitially 2,5mg daily increasing by 2,5mg at3-5 day interval utk metabolic control is achieve

Page 4: DOSIS OBAT

Metformin HCL tab 500mg 3dd tab 850mg 2dd

CELL PROLIFERANBalsenum peru 4-6%(u/ masa k/ ASI)CLIecoris Aselii 10-30%(u/luka lecet) 4-12ml/hrExtra PlasentaDerivat Clorofil

ASTRINGENTTannin 4-6%Zinc Oxyd 10% jg mrpk pengeringCa. HidroxydeAmyl. Tritici 10% jg mrpk pengering

Calc. Venet 10% jg mrpk pengering

ANTI PERSPIRANTAl.et KaliiSulfat 5-10%

DEODORANTNeomycin Sulfat 1%Benzolkonium cl 0.60%

ANALGETIC ANTIPIRETIKMethyl Salicylic 12.5-15%Camphora 5%Menthol 10%

LOKAL ANASTESIBenzocain 0.2-5%Lidocaine 2%Menth-Camph 0.5-1%

NASALESAnti Histamin Benadryl 0,1-2%

Antazolin Sulfat 0.5%Decongestan Ephedrin Hcl 0.4-1%

Menthol 5%Naphazolin nitrat 0.025%

Pengawet Clorbutamol 0,5%

OBAT PARENTERALPapaverin 4% Pethidin hcl 5%Morfin HCL 1% Emetin HCL 4%Phenobarbital 10% Valium 0.5%Ephedrin 5% Adrenalin HCL 0.1%Diphehidramin1-2% ctm 1%Hidrocortison2,5 % Dexamethason 0.25%

Lidocain 1% Furosemide 1%Gentamycin 4% Rivanol 0,5%Aminophilin 2,4%

Pengawet Na Bicarbonat ( borax )Methyl Hidroxibenzoat (nipagin) 0,15-0,2%ProphilHydroxybenzoat (Niphrazole) 0,015-0,05%Nipagin & Niphazole dikasikan kalo ada Sacharose< 64 %=> m.o bisa hidup

Page 5: DOSIS OBAT

> 64 %=> m.o tidak bisa hidup

Acid Salicylic Keratoplasty 0,5-1%Antipruritus 1 %Antiseptik 1-3%Antifungi 3-5%Keratolitik 5-10%Antifungi & keratolitik 4-5%

Page 6: DOSIS OBAT

oleh : Wildan AF

ANTI HISTAMINCTM 2-4 mg/x 0.35mg/kg/hrDiphenhidramin 25mg/x 5mg/kg/hrFeniramin 25-50 mg/xPromethazin 12.5-50mg/x 6,25-12,5mg/xLoratadin 10mg/xTerfenadin 60mg/xAztemizole 10mg/x

ANTI INFLAMASIDexamethashon 0.5-2mg/x 0.2-0.3mg/kg/hrPrednison 5mg/x 1-2mg/kg/hr

ARTRITHIS REUMATOIDPiroxicam 20mg 1dd 1pcIbuprofen 200mg 1dd1 pc

ANTASIDAAl. Oksida 250-500mg/xAl. Hidroksida 250-500mg/xMg. Hidroksida 250-500mg/xMg. Carbonat 250-500mg/xAnak 3 bl - 1 th 300-400mg/hr

1-6 th 600-800mg/hr6-12th 90-1,2 g/hr

Bismuth Subnitrit 300mg/xCimetidin 800mg/hrFamotidine 40mg/hr 1-2ddRanitidine 300mg/hr 1-2dd

ANTI KEMBUNGSimethicon 20-40mg/x 10-40mg/kg/hr

SUSPENSATORCMC Na 1 - 2 %PGA 1 - 2 %Pulvias Gummosus 1 - 2 %Bentorita 1 - 3 %

VITAMIN DAN SUPLEMENA 6000 UIC 50-500 mg/dE 100mg/ 1-3ddB1 100mg/dB6 50-200mg/d sbg pnjang INH 10mg/d

B12 5-200mg/dCa laktat 0.5-1g/x

STABILISATOR SUSP , EMULSISaccharin :corigens manis &stabilist

Glyserin : klemSorbitol manis 1/2 x gula putih, satilistOl. Sesami: emolient,p'kental,stabilist

ANTI KEMBUNG

MethopropamitMetil Siloxan

Dimethil Polisiloxan

Page 7: DOSIS OBAT

ANTIBIOTIKA TOPIKALChloramph (<<<) 1-10% salep 2-4%Chloramph : tetes telinga 1-2%

tetes mata 1%salep kulit 2%

Soframycin 0.5% (u.I: 2-4 % U/ inf usus)Tetracyclin 1-3% , salep mata 1-2%Gentamycin 0,2-0,3 %Neomycin 0.5-1%Erytromycin 2%

ANTI FUNGINystatin 100.000 IU, 1mg-3000 IUClotrimzole 1%Ketoconazole 2%

ANTI HISTAMINdiphenhidrmin HCL 2%

ANTI INFLAMASIDexamethason 0.1% = 0.75mg/hrPrednison 0.5% = 5mgHidrocortisone 1-2% = 20mg25 mh Cortisone - 20 mg Hydrocort - 5 mg prednisone -0,75mg Dexamethasone- 0.4 mg Bethamethasone

KALII PERMANGANAT1/10.000 irigasi tbg, vgn, uretra1/400-1/500 cuci, kumur, rendam, kumbah lambung1/1000 irigasi abses1/100 athelete's foot

VEHICULUMGlyserin Mkentalkan pd mbt agit + susp

(katalisator)u.e : antiseptik lemah emolient 5%u.I : Corrigens LaxativeCocok u/ vehic obat tutul mulut

Sol GummosPropenyl glycol : Pelarut u/ Chloramph

SUSPENSATORBentonite 1-3% pengental spy calamin & Zinc.ocyd tdk

cepat mengendap

Muccillago tragacant 1-2%Pulv. Gummi Arabic 1%CMC Na 1% (Carboxyl methyl Cellulosa Na)

EMULGATOR Gummi Arabicum Putih+kuning telurBentonite Trietanolamin (u/cream)

Treganat

u/ M'KERASKAN Parraf.Solidium 5-6%Cora Alba 5-6%

Page 8: DOSIS OBAT

Cora Flava 5-6%

PENGERING PASTAZinci Oxyd Mg OxydCalcii Cabonat Mg CarbonatAmylum TriticiTalcum Venetura