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ANDAL Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras 2014 KATA PENGANTAR Dalam rangka mewujudkan prinsip pembangunan perkebunan (6000 Ha) dan pabrik minyak kelapa sawit (45 Ton TBS/Jam) berkelanjutan dan berwawasan lingkungan maka PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras menyusun dokumen Kerangka Acuan Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (KA-ANDAL). Pelaksanaan penyusunan dokumen KA-ANDAL ini berpedoman pada Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 08 Tahun 2006 tentang Pedoman Penyusunan Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan, Undang-undang Nomor 32 tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup dan Peraturan Menteri Linkungan Hidup Nomor 5 Tahun 2012 tentang Jenis Rencana Usaha dan/ atau Kegiatan Yang Wajib Dilengkapi Dengan Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan Hidup. Diharapkan dokumen KA-ANDAL ini dapat digunakan sebagai pedoman dalam penyusunan dokumen Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (ANDAL), Rencana Pengelolaan Lingkungan dan Rencana Pemantauan Lingkungan (RKL-RPL) kegiatan perkebunan dan pabrik minyak kelapa sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras. Kepada semua pihak yang membatu dalam penyusunan dokumen KA- ANDAL PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras diucapkan terima kasih. Bengkulu, Mei 2014 PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras i Bing Sugiarto Chandra Direktur Utama

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Page 1: Daftar Isi Cbs Andal Ok

ANDAL Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras

2014

KATA PENGANTAR

Dalam rangka mewujudkan prinsip pembangunan perkebunan (6000 Ha) dan pabrik

minyak kelapa sawit (45 Ton TBS/Jam) berkelanjutan dan berwawasan lingkungan maka

PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras menyusun dokumen Kerangka Acuan Analisis Dampak Lingkungan

(KA-ANDAL). Pelaksanaan penyusunan dokumen KA-ANDAL ini berpedoman pada Peraturan

Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 08 Tahun 2006 tentang Pedoman Penyusunan Analisis

Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan, Undang-undang Nomor 32 tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan

dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup dan Peraturan Menteri Linkungan Hidup Nomor 5 Tahun

2012 tentang Jenis Rencana Usaha dan/ atau Kegiatan Yang Wajib Dilengkapi Dengan Analisis

Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan Hidup.

Diharapkan dokumen KA-ANDAL ini dapat digunakan sebagai pedoman dalam

penyusunan dokumen Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (ANDAL), Rencana Pengelolaan Lingkungan

dan Rencana Pemantauan Lingkungan (RKL-RPL) kegiatan perkebunan dan pabrik minyak

kelapa sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras.

Kepada semua pihak yang membatu dalam penyusunan dokumen KA-ANDAL

PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras diucapkan terima kasih.

Bengkulu, Mei 2014PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras

DAFTAR ISI

Hal.Kata Pengantar .............................................................................................................................................. i

i

Bing Sugiarto ChandraDirektur Utama

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ANDAL Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras

2014

Daftar Isi ........................................................................................................................................................... iiDaftar Tabel ..................................................................................................................................................... vDaftar Gambar................................................................................................................................................. ixDaftar Lampiran............................................................................................................................................. xiii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................................................................. I-11.1. Deskripsi Rencana Usaha dan/atau Kegiatan Yang Akan Dikaji ......................... I-1

1.1.1 Tahap Prakonstruksi......................................................................................................... I-11.1.1.1. Pembebasan Lahan ............................................................................................. I-11.1.1.2. Penerimaan Tenaga Kerja................................................................................. I-31.1.1.3. Mobilisasi Alat Berat dan Material................................................................ I-5

1.1.2 Tahap Konstruksi............................................................................................................... I-61.1.2.1. Pembersihan dan Penyiapan Lahan ............................................................ I-61.1.2.2. Pembangunan Jalan............................................................................................. I-91.1.2.3. Pembangunan Sarana Penunjang.................................................................. I-111.1.2.4. Pembibitan.............................................................................................................. I-121.1.2.5. Penanaman Tanaman Utama.......................................................................... I-161.1.2.6. Pembangunan Pabrik ........................................................................................ I-18

1.1.3. Tahap Operasi..................................................................................................................... I-191.1.3.1. Pemeliharaan Tanaman..................................................................................... I-191.1.3.2. Pengoperasian Sarana Penunjang ................................................................ I-261.1.3.3. Pemanenan.............................................................................................................. I-271.1.3.4. Pengangkutan Hasil Kebun dan Hasil Pabrik (TBS dan CPO)........... I-281.1.3.5. Pengoperasian Pabrik......................................................................................... I-29

1.1.4 Tahap Pasca Operasi......................................................................................................... I-481.2. Dampak Penting Hipotetik yang Ditelaah/Dikaji........................................................ I-48

1.2.1. Lingkup Telaah Rencana Kegiatan Penyebab Dampak..................................... I-481.2.2. Pelingkupan ........................................................................................................................ I-49

1.2.2.1. Identifikasi Dampak Potensial ............................................................................. I-491.3. Batas Wilayah Studi dan Batas Waktu Kajian............................................................... I-55

1.3.1. Batas Wilayah Studi ......................................................................................................... I-551.3.1.1. Batas Proyek .......................................................................................................... I-551.3.1.2. Batas Ekologi ........................................................................................................ I-551.3.1.3. Batas Sosial ............................................................................................................. I-551.3.1.4. Batas Administrasi ............................................................................................. I-551.3.1.5. Batas Ruang Lingkup Wilayah Studi ........................................................... I-56

1.3.2. Batas Waktu Kajian .......................................................................................................... I-56

BAB II RONA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP ................................................................................................... II-12.1. Komponen Lingkungan Terkena Dampak .................................................................... II-1

2.1.1. Komponen Geo-Fisika-Kimia........................................................................................ II-12.1.1.1. Iklim .......................................................................................................................... II-12.1.1.2. Kualitas Udara........................................................................................................ II-92.1.1.3. Kebisingan............................................................................................................... II-92.1.1.4. Fisiografi dan Geologi ........................................................................................ II-102.1.1.5. Hidrologi................................................................................................................... II-17

2.1.2. Komponen Biologi............................................................................................................. II-412.1.2.1. Vegetasi/Flora ...................................................................................................... II-412.1.2.2. Satwa Liar/Fauna................................................................................................. II-432.1.2.3. Biota Air.................................................................................................................... II-49

2.1.3. Komponen Sosial-Ekonomi dan Budaya................................................................. II-632.1.3.1. Demografi................................................................................................................ II-632.1.3.2. Ekonomi .................................................................................................................. II-78

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2014

2.1.3.3. Budaya....................................................................................................................... II-972.1.4 Aspek Kesehatan Masyarakat ...................................................................................... II-111

BAB III PRAKIRAAN DAMPAK PENTING .......................................................................................... III-13.1. Aspek Geofisik-Kimia.............................................................................................................. III-4

3.1.1. Penurunan Kualitas Udara ............................................................................................ III-43.1.2. Peningkatan Kebisingan ................................................................................................ III-163.1.3. Erosi Tanah ......................................................................................................................... III-243.1.4. Penurunan Kesuburan Tanah...................................................................................... III-333.1.5. Penurunan Kualitas Air .................................................................................................. III-37

3.2. Aspek Biologi ............................................................................................................................. III-533.2.1. Vegetasi/Flora ................................................................................................................... III-533.2.2. Satwa Liar/Fauna ............................................................................................................. III-613.2.3. Biota Air ................................................................................................................................ III-70

3.3. Aspek Sosial Ekonomi dan Budaya................................................................................... III-803.3.1. Peningkatan Kesempatan Kerja ................................................................................. III-803.3.2. Peningkatan Pendapatan Masyarakat...................................................................... III-85

3.3.3. Konflik Sosial....................................................................................................................... III-883.4. Aspek Kesehatan Masyarakat ............................................................................................. III-94

BAB IV EVALUASI SECARA HOLISTIK TERHADAP DAMPAK PENTING ............................. IV-14.1. Uraian Evaluasi Secara Holistik Dampak Penting ...................................................... IV-1

4.1.1 Uraian Evaluasi Secara Holistik Dampak Penting ............................................... IV-14.1.2 Tahap Prakonstruksi ........................................................................................................ IV-2

4.1.2.1 Penurunan Kualitas Udara .................................................................................. IV-24.1.2.2 Peningkatan Kebisingan ....................................................................................... IV-24.1.2.3 Kerusakan Jalan......................................................................................................... IV-94.1.2.4. Peningkatan Kesempatan Kerja ....................................................................... IV-34.1.2.5. Peningkatan Pendapatan Masyarakat............................................................ IV-44.1.2.6. Konflik Sosial ............................................................................................................ IV-44.1.2.7. Kesehatan Masyarakat ......................................................................................... IV-5

4.1.3. Tahap Konstruksi.............................................................................................................. IV-54.1.3.1. Penurunan Kualitas Udara ................................................................................. IV-54.1.3.2. Peningatan Kebisingan ......................................................................................... IV-64.1.3.3. Erosi Tanah ............................................................................................................... IV-64.1.3.4 Penurunan Kualitas Air ......................................................................................... IV-64.1.3.5 Penurunan Kesuburan Tanah............................................................................. IV-74.1.3.6 Vegetasi/Flora .......................................................................................................... IV-84.1.3.7 Satwa Liar/Fauna .................................................................................................... IV-84.1.3.8 Biota Air ....................................................................................................................... IV-94.1.3.9 Peningkatan Kesempatan Kerja ........................................................................ IV-104.1.3.10 Peningkatan Pendapatan Masyarakat.......................................................... IV-104.1.3.11 Konflik Sosial........................................................................................................... IV-114.1.3.12 Kesehatan Masyarakat ........................................................................................ IV-11

4.1.4. Tahap Konstruksi.............................................................................................................. IV-124.1.4.1 Penurunan Kualitas Udara .................................................................................. IV-124.1.4.2 Peningatan Kebisingan .......................................................................................... IV-124.1.4.3 Penurunan Kualitas Air ......................................................................................... IV-134.1.4.4 Penurunan Kesuburan Tanah............................................................................. IV-144.1.4.5 Kerusakan Jalan......................................................................................................... IV-144.1.4.6 Satwa Liar/Fauna .................................................................................................... IV-144.1.4.7 Biota Air ....................................................................................................................... IV-154.1.4.8 Peningkatan Kesempatan Kerja ........................................................................ IV-16

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2014

4.1.4.9 Peningkatan Pendapatan Masyarakat............................................................. IV-164.1.4.10 Konflik Sosial........................................................................................................... IV-174.1.4.11 Kesehatan Masyarakat ........................................................................................ IV-17

4.2 Arahan Pengelolaan dan Pemantauaan Lingkungan.................................................. IV-184.2.1 Arahan Pengelolaan Lingkungan ................................................................................ IV-18

4.2.1.1 Tahap Prakontruksi................................................................................................. IV-184.2.1.2 Tahap Kontruksi ...................................................................................................... IV-224.2.1.3 Tahap Oprasi .............................................................................................................. IV-34

4.2.2 Arah Pemantauan Lingkungan .................................................................................... IV-444.2.2.1 Tahap Prakontruksi................................................................................................. IV-444.2.2.2 Tahap Kontruksi ...................................................................................................... IV-484.2.2.3 Tahap Oprasi .............................................................................................................. IV-56

DAFTAR PUSTAKALAMPIRAN

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2014

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel Hal.BAB I I-1 Prakiraan Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja dan Tingkat Pendidikan Pekerja

Perkebunan Dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-4

I-2 Prakiraan Kebutuhan Alat Berat PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-6

I-3 Rencana Pembangunan Jalan Kebun PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-9

I-4 Sarana yang Direncanakan Dibangun PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-11

I-5 Estimasi Luas areal yang Dibutuhkan Untuk Pembibitan ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-12

I-6 Prakiraan Kebutuhan Bibit Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-13

I-7 Dosis Pemupukan Semai (Biasa) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-13

I-8 Dosis Pemupukan Semai (Pupuk CRF) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-14

I-9 Kebutuhan Air di Pembibitan PT Ciptamas Bumi SelarasI ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-14

I-10 Pemupukan di Pembibitan Utama (Pupuk Biasa) PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras........................................................................................................................................................................................... I-14

I-11 Gejala Serangan Hama dan Penyakit di Pembibitan serta Pestisida yang digunakan.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-15

I-12 Tahun Penanaman Serta Luas Areal Tanaman Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-17

I-13 Jenis Kolam IPAL yang akan Dibangun pada Pabrik Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-18

I-14 Jenis Dan Dosis Pemupukan Tanaman Kelapa Sawit Belum Menghasilkan (TBM) Oleh PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-21

I-15 Prakiraan Jenis Dan Dosis Pupuk Yang Diberikan Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit Yang Telah Menghasilkan (TM) Oleh PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-23

I-15 Prakiraan Jenis Dan Dosis Pupuk Yang Diberikan Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit Yang Telah Menghasilkan (TM) Oleh PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-24

I-17 Jenis dan Dosis Pestisida Untuk TM ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-25

I-18 Jenis Limbah yang Dihasilkan Prasarana PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-27

I-19 Fraksi Buah Sawit Berdasarkan Tingkat Kematangan.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-28

I-20 Daftar alat-alat potong buah, Tunas, TBS dan Kebutuhan tenaga kerja PTCiptamas Bumi Selaras................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-28

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2014

I-21 Jumlah Alat Angkut TBS dan CPO .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-29

I-22 Kriteria Panen dan Syarat Mutu TBS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-30

I-23 Jadwal Kegiatan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ I-47

I-24 Matriks Identifikasi Dampak Potensial Pembangunan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-50

I-25 Matriks Evaluasi Dampak Potensial ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. I-51

I-26 Ringkasan Proses Pelingkupan ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... I-57

BAB IIII-1 Hasil Perhitungan Bulan Kering, Bulan Lembab dan Bulan Basah Tahun 2012............

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-1II- 2 Suhu Udara Minimum Rata-Rata Di Sekitar Wilayah Studi.....................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-2II-3 Suhu Udara Maksimum Rata-Rata Di Sekitar Wilayah Studi..................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-3II-4 Suhu Udara Rata-Rata Di Sekitar Wilayah Studi..........................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-3II-5 Kelembaban Udara di Sekitar Wilayah Studi.................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-4II-6 Arah Angin Dominan di Sekitar Wilayah Studi.............................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-5II-7 Curah Hujan di Wilayah Sekitar Perkebunan dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit............................

............................................................................................................................................................................ II-7II-8 Jumlah Hari Hujan di Sekitar Perkebunan dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit PT.

CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-8

II-9 Kadar Debu Udara di Beberapa Wilayah Studi......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-9

II-10 Hasil Pengukuran Tingkat Kebisingan di Lingkungan PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-10

II-11 Kemiringan Wilayah Kabupaten Kaur.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-11

II-12 Luas Lahan Berdasarkan Kelas LerengPerkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-11

II-13 Kemiringan Wilayah Kab Kaur Di Kawasan Budidaya.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-12

II-14 Macam dan Luas Tataguna Lahan pada Areal Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-13

II-15 Kolom Stratigrafi Regional Provinsi Bengkulu......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-17

II-16 Kondisi DAS di Wilayah Studi........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-18

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2014

II-17 Rekapitulasi Debit Sesaat Beberapa Sungai dan Anak Sungai di Lokasi Studi........................................................................................................................................................................................... II-22

II-18 Luas DAS Berdasarkan Jenis Tanah............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-23

II-19 Luas DAS Berdasarkan Jenis Penutupan Lahan di Provinsi Bengkulu...............................II-23

II-20 Luas DAS Berdasarkan Kelas Lereng di Provinsi Bengkulu................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-23

II-21 Hasil Analisis Kualitas Air di Lokasi Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-24

II-22 Tekstur Tanah di Lokasi Studi......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-31

II-23 Nilai pH dan DHL Tanah di Lokasi Studi...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-32............................................................................................................................................................................

II-24 Nilai C-organik, N-total dan nisbah C/N di lokasi studi........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-34

II-25 Kadar Phosphor di Lokasi Studi...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-35

II-26 Kadar Kalium di Lokasi Studi........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-35

II-27 Kadar Ca dan Mg di dalam tanah di lokasi studi...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-36

II-28 Nilai KTK di Lokasi Studi.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-37

II-29 Hasil Prediksi Erosi Aktual di Lokasi Studi................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-39

II-30 Hasil Predisi Erosi Potensial............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-41

II-31 Jenis tumbuhan penyusun tipe vegetasi hutan sekunder di areal kebun..................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-41

II-32 Jenis-jenis tumbuhan penyusun vegetasi belukar................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-42

II-33 Jenis, Kepadatan Relatif, Frekuensi Relatif, Indek Nilai Penting, dan Indek Keanekaragaman Jenis mamalia yang ditemukan di wilayah studi dan sekitarnya.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-44

II-34 Jenis-jenis, Kepadatan Relatif, Frekuensi Relatif, dan Indeks Nilai Penting Aves yang ditemukan di lokasi studi........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-46

II-35 Jenis-jenis RePT.il yang terdapat di lokasi studi...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-47

II-36 Jenis-jenis Amphibia yang ditemukan di lokasi studi............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-48

II-37 Komposisi Benthos di sungai-sungai dalam wilayah studi................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-50

II-38 Komposisi Plankton di sungai-sungai dalam wilayah studi................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-55

II-39 Jumlah Penduduk di Lokasi Rencana Perkebunan dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-65

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II-40 Jumlah Rumah Tangga (KK) dan Anggota Rumah Tangga.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-67

II-41 Jumlah Penduduk Berdasarkan jenis kelamin menurut umur di kecamatan studi.................................................................................................................................................................................. II-68

II-42 Banyaknya penduduk berumur 15 tahun ke atas yang bekerja menurut pendidikan yang ditamatkan dan jenis kelamin di Kabupaten Kaur.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-71

II-43 Persentase Penduduk menurut Agama pada Wilayah Studi.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-72

II-44 Luas Desa dan Kepadatan Penduduk............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-73

II-45 Pertumbuhan Penduduk di Lokasi Proyek Tahun Tahun 2011-2012............................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-74

II-46 Angka Kelahiran Penduduk di Wilayah Studi............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-76

II-47 Angka Kematian Penduduk (dewasa) di Wilayah Studi....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-77

II-48 Banyaknya Penduduk Berumur 15 Tahun ke Atas yang Bekerja Menurut Pendidikan yang Ditamatkan di Kabupaten Kaur Tahun 2013......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-79

II-49 Katagori Pendapatan Responden................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-81

II-50 Luas Panen Padi Sawah dan Padi Ladang di Kecamatan Studi Tahun 2010 – 2012............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-87

II-51 Produksi padi sawah dan padi ladang di Kecamatan Kecamatan Studi Tahun 2010-2012................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-87

II-52 Luas panen palawija di Kecamatan Kaur Selatan, Kecamatan Tetap, Kecamatan Kaur Tengah, Kecamatan Luas dan Kecamatan Maje Tahun 2010 – 2012................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-87

II-53 Produksi palawija di Kecamatan Kaur Selatan, Kecamatan Tetap, Kecamatan Kaur Tengah, Kecamatan Luas dan Kecamatan Maje Tahun 2010 – 2012................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-88

II-54 PDRB Kabupaten Kaur menurut Lapangan Usaha Atas Dasar Harga Konstan Tahun 2009-2012.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-89

II-55 PDRB Kabupaten Kaur Menurut Lapangan Usaha Atas Dasar Harga Berlaku Konstan 2000 (juta rupiah) Tahun 2009-2012........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-90

II-56 Pertumbuhan PDRB Kabupaten Kaur Menurut Lapangan Usaha Atas Dasar Harga Berlaku Konstan 2000 (persen) Tahun 2009-2012................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-91

II-57 Jumlah Sekolah Menurut Jenjang dan Statusnya..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-92

II-58 Banyaknya Tempat Ibadah di Lokasi Wilayah Studi.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-94

II-59 Jumlah Rumah Tangga Pelanggan Listrik Berdasarkan Sumber Energi........................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-95

II-60 Penyakit yang ada di Wilayah Studi............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-112

II-61 Tempat Berobat Responden............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. II-113

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II-62 Fasilitas Kesehatan di Wilayah Studi............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ II-114

II-63 Jumlah Tenaga Medis Di Puskesmas Wilayah Studi............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... II-115............................................................................................................................................................................

BAB IIIIII-1 Perumusan Besaran Dampak yang Digunakan Untuk Prakiraan Dampak

Penting............................................................................................................................................................. III-1III-2 Skala Sifat Penting Dampak Terhadap Lingkungan.................................................................... III-2III-3 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas Akibat Kegiatan Mobilisasi Kendaraan

Penumpang (double gardan)................................................................................................................. III-5III-4 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas dan Debu Akibat Kegiatan Mobilisasi Alat Berat

dan Angkutan Material............................................................................................................................. III-7III-5 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas dan Debu Akibat Kegiatan Pembersihan dan

Penyiapan Lahan......................................................................................................................................... III-8III-6 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas dan Debu Akibat Kegiatan Pembangunan Jalan................. III-9III-7 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas dan Debu Akibat Kegiatan Pembangunan Pabrik............. III-

10III-8 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Gas dan Debu Akibat Kegiatan Pengangkutan TBS dan

CPO.................................................................................................................................................................... III-11

III-9 Arus Lalu Lintas di Jalan Sekitar Wilayah Studi............................................................................ III-12

III-10 Faktor Emisi Beberapa Jenis Kendaraan.......................................................................................... III-13

III-11 Konsumsi Energi Spesifik Kendaraan Bermotor ......................................................................... III-13

III-12 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Sektor Transportasi Tanpa Proyek (t=20).................................... III-13

III-13 Prakiraan Jumlah Emisi Sektor Permukiman Tanpa Proyek (t=20).................................... III-14

III-14 Prakiraan Kebisingan yang Ditimbulkan Alat-Alat Berat pada Jarak yang Berbeda dari Sumber Kebisingan........................................................................................................ III-18

III-15 Baku mutu Tingkat kebisingan............................................................................................................. III-18

III-16 Kebisingan yang dapat diterima oleh tenaga kerja tanpa mengakibatkan penyakit dan gangguan kesehatan...................................................................................................... III-19

III-17 Prakiraan Kebisingan yang Ditimbulkan di Lingkungan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit................ III-21

III-18 Arus lalu-lintas di jalan sekitar wilayah studi................................................................................ III-22

III-19 Prediksi Erosi Pada Tahun Pertama................................................................................................... III-26

III-20 Prediksi Erosi Pada Tahun Kedua....................................................................................................... III-27

III-21 Prediksi Erosi Pada Tahun Ketiga....................................................................................................... III-28

III-22 Prediksi Erosi Pada Tahun Keempat.................................................................................................. III-29

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III-23 Prediksi Erosi pada Tahap Operasi (tahun kelima)..................................................................... III-30

III-24 Prediksi Erosi pada Tahun Keenam.................................................................................................... III-30

III-25 Prediksi Erosi pada Tahun Ketujuh.................................................................................................... III-31

III-26 Prediksi potensi tanah yang hilang akibat erosi ada dan tanpa kegiatan.......................... III-31

III-27 Karakteristik pH dan DHL di Lokasi Studi....................................................................................... III-35

III-28 Prediksi Kadar Nilai Parameter Kesuburan Tanah Pada Tahap Konstruksi ................... III-35

III-29 Nilai dari TSS akibat Land Clearing..................................................................................................... III-39

III-30 Proyeksi Peningkatan TSS tanpa Proyek.......................................................................................... III-41

III-31 Komposisi dan Volume Polutan Dari Pekerja Konstuksi........................................................... III-42

III-32 Limbah Domestik Tahap Operasional PTCBS................................................................................. III-45

III-33 Limbah domestik PTCBS Akibat Pengoperasian dalam 1 tahun............................................ III-45

III-34 Karakteristik Air Limbah (inlet) Pabrik Kelapa Sawit................................................................ III-47

III-35 Arus lalu-lintas di jalan raya Sinar Jaya – Pelabuhan Linau..................................................... III-51

III-36 Prakiraan Peluang Terjadinya Konflik Sosial Menurut Komponen Rencana Kegiatan Perusahaan PTCiptamas Bumi Selaras ......................................................................... III-87

III-37 Daftar Penyakit di Puskesmas Puskesmas Perawatan Luas dan Puskesmas Perawat Kaur Tengah .............................................................................................................................. III-95

BAB IVIV-1 Daftar Isian Pemantauan Erosi ............................................................................................................ IV-

50IV-2 Matriks Evaluasi Dampak Kegiatan Perkebunan dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit PT.

Ciptamas Bumi Selaras di Kabupaten Kaur .................................................................................... IV-64

IV-3 Ringkasan Analisis Dampak .................................................................................................................. IV-65

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DAFTAR GAMBARGambar HalBAB I I-1 Pembuatan Teras Individu (Tapak Kuda) ...................................................................................... I-8 I-2 Jenis Tanaman Mucuna bracteata ( M bracteata ) yang akan ditanam di lahan

Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit...................................................................................................................... I-9 I-3 Rencana Desain Jalan Produksi .......................................................................................................... I-10 I-4 Kebutuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit ........................................................................................................... I-13 I-5 Jarak Tanam Kelapa Sawit .................................................................................................................... I-16 I-6 Penampang Melintang Lubang Tanaman Kelapa Sawit ........................................................... I-17 I-7 Tingkat Kematangan TBS ...................................................................................................................... I-31 I-8 Diagram Alir Pengolahan 45 ton TBS/jam .................................................................................... I-39 I-9 Perancangan sistem kolam PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras dengan kapasitas PKS

45 Ton TBS/Jam ........................................................................................................................................ I-46 I-10 Bagan alir Pelingkupan Kegiatan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas

Bumi Selaras di Kecamatan Kaur Selatan, Tetap, Kaur Tengah, Luas, dan Maje ........... I-54

BAB IIII-1 Grafik Rata-rata Kelembaban Udara Bulanan di Bengkulu..................................................... II-4II-2 Grafik Rata-rata Kecepatan Angin di Bengkulu ........................................................................... II-5II-3 Grafik Curah Hujan Rata-rata Bulanan............................................................................................. II-6II-4 Grafik Jumlah Hari Hujan Rata-rata Bulanan ............................................................................... II-6II-5 Grafik Luas Tataguna Lahan di Wilayah Studi.............................................................................. II-13II-6 Kebun campuran (A), Belukar (B), Hutan sekunder (C), sawah masyarakat (D).......... II-13 II-7 Kebun Karet Masyarakat (A), Kebun kopi dan lada (B), hasil panen kopi (C),

kebun sawit masyarakat (D)................................................................................................................. II-14II-8 Kondisi Aliran Sungai Air Tetap Hulu (A) dan Hilir (B)............................................................ II-18 II-9 Keadaan sub DAS Air Tetap Kiri dan Air Tetap Kanan ............................................................. II-19 II-10 Kondisi Sungai Air Sambat (A), Air Sambat Kanan (B), dan Air Sambat Kiri (C)........... II-20 II-11 Sub DAS Air Mantai................................................................................................................................... II-20II-12 Kondisi DAS Air Luas di Bagian Hulu (A) dan Bagian Hilir (B).............................................. II-21II-13 Kondisi Sungai Air Pengawi Hulu (A) dan Hilir (B).................................................................... II-22II-14 Jenis Tanah di Lokasi Studi.................................................................................................................... II-27II-15 Profil Tanah Ultisol................................................................................................................................... II-28II-16 Tanah Inceptisol......................................................................................................................................... II-29II-17 Profil Tanah Entisol.................................................................................................................................. II-29II-18 Hubungan antara kisaran nilai pH tanah dan ketersediaan unsur hara............................ II-33II-19 Peta Tingkat Bahaya Erosi Aktual di Lokasi Studi....................................................................... II-39II-20 Peta tingkat bahaya erosi potensial di lokasi studi..................................................................... II-40II-21 Tipe Vegetasi kebun di Lokasi Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit............... II-42II-22 Tipe Vegetasi Belukar di Lokasi Perkebunan dan Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit

PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras..................................................................................................................... II-42II-23 Jenis Vegetasi Hutan di Lokasi Studi................................................................................................. II-43II-24 Salah satu jenis mamalia (Presbytis melalophos) yang ditemukan di lokasi

studi................................................................................................................................................................. II-45II-25 Foto dua jenis burung yang ditemukan di lokasi studi ............................................................ II-47II-26 Foto salah satu jenis reptil (Varanus salvator) yang ditemukan di lokasi studi............ II-48II-27 Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Jumlah Taxa Benthos di Sungai-sungai

Dalam Wilayah Studi................................................................................................................................ II-49II-28 Foto Beberapa Jenis Benthos yang Ditemukan di Wilayah Studi......................................... II-51II-29 Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Jumlah Taxa Plankton di Sungai-sungai

Dalam Wilayah Studi................................................................................................................................ II-52II-30a Foto Beberapa Jenis Plankton yang Ditemukan di Wilayah Studi........................................ II-53

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II-30b Foto Beberapa Jenis Plankton yang Ditemukan di Wilayah Studi........................................ II-54II-31 Jenis-jenis ikan yang terdapat di sungai-sungai dalam wilayah studi................................ II-63II-32 Persentase Distribusi Jumlah Penduduk di Desa-desa dalam Wilayah Studi ................ II-66II-33 Persentase Responden Berdasarkan Umur.................................................................................... II-69II-34 Persentase Responden Berdasarkan Tingkat Pendidikan Terakhir................................... II-72II-35 Persentase Pekerjaan Pokok Responden........................................................................................ II-79II-36 Persentase Pekerjaan Sampingan Responden.............................................................................. II-80II-37 Persentase Jumlah Pendapatan Pokok Responden.................................................................... II-82II-38 Persentase Kepemilikan Lahan Responden................................................................................... II-86II-39 Persentase Komoditi yang Diusahakan Pada Lahan yang dimiliki Responden.............. II-86II-40 Salah Satu Tempat Ibadah yang ada di daerah studi.................................................................. II-93II-41 Kondisi Jalan Yang Digunakan oleh Masyarakat di Lokasi Studi ......................................... II-96II-42 Persentase Jenis kegiatan yang masih dilakukan masyarakat secara bersama-

sama................................................................................................................................................................. II-98II-43 Persentase tingkat respon masyarakat terhadap kegiatan yang dilakukan

bersama-sama............................................................................................................................................. II-99II-44 Persentase penyebab berkurangnya respon responden terhadap kegiatan

yang dilakukan secara bersama-sama.............................................................................................. II-99II-45 Persentase penyebab respon responden semakin baik terhadap kegiatan yang

dilakukan secara bersama-sama......................................................................................................... II-100

II-46 Persentase Lama Tinggal Responden............................................................................................... II-101

II-47 Persentase jenis kelamin responden................................................................................................. II-102

II-48 Pengetahuan responden terhadap rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras.......................................................................................... II-102

II-49 Distribusi sumber informasi responden tentang adanya rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras........................................ II-103

II-50 Persentase tanggapan responden dengan adanya rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras........................................ II-103

II-51 Persentase alasan responden mendukung rencana Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras.......................................................................................... II-104

II-52 Persentase alasan responden tidak mendukung rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras.................................................................. II-105

II-53 Persentase kepemilikan lahan responden di lokasi rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras........................................ II-106

II-54 Persentase Jenis Komoditi yang diusahakan Reponden di Wilayah Studi....................... II-106

II-55 Persentase responden terhadap alokasi hak atas lahan/kebun untuk lokasi rencana kegatna Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras............................................................................................................................................................. II-107

II-56 Distribusi alasan responden bersedia untuk mengalokasikan hak atas lahan/kebun................................................................................................................................................. II-108

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II-57 Distribusi alasan responden tidak bersedia untuk alokasi hak atas lahan/ kebun............................................................................................................................................................... II-108

II-58 Persetase harapan dan keinginan masyarakat dengan adanya rencana kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras..................... II-109

II-59 Persentase pengetahuan masyarakat dengan adanya kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras terhadap kerusakan lingkungan.................................................................................................................................................... II-109

II-60 Persentase manfaat menurut masyarakat seandainya jika ada kegiatan perekebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras...................................... II-110

II-61 Persentase distribusi dampak negeatif menurut masyarakat seandainya ada kegiatan Perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit PT Ciptamas Bumi Selaras..................... II-111

II-62 Distribusi Biaya yang dikeluarkan untuk satu kali Berobat oleh Sebagian Warga Masyarakat Jika Sakit................................................................................................................ II-113

II-63 Persentase Sumber Air Yang Digunakan oleh sebagian responden di Sekitar Lokasi untuk mandi dan cuci................................................................................................................ II-115

II-64 Distribusi sumber air responden yang digunakan untuk konsumsi air minum ........... II-116

II-65 Distribusi tempat Kakus sebagian Masyarakat di Sekitar Lokasi......................................... II-116

II-66 Distribusi bentuk penampungan septic tank sebaian masyarakat disekitar lokasi kegiatan............................................................................................................................................ II-117

II-67 Distribusi Cara Pengolahan Sampah Yang Dilakukan di Sekitar Lokasi............................ II-117

II-68 Distribusi Cara Pengolahan Sampah Sebagian Masyarakat di Sekitar Lokasi................ II-118

BAB IIIIII-1 Prakiraan Peningkatan Kadar Debu (TSP) Di Udara Selama Umur Proyek 20

Tahun .............................................................................................................................................................. III-14

III-2 Prakiraan Peningkatan Kadar SO2 Di Udara Selama Umur Proyek 20 Tahun ............... III-15

III-3 Prakiraan Peningkatan Kadar NO2 Di Udara Selama Umur Proyek 20 Tahun ............... III-15

III-4 Prakiraan Peningkatan Kadar CO Di Udara Selama Umur Proyek 20 Tahun .................. III-15

III-5 Prediksi potensi erosi pada pembangunan perkebunan kelapa sawit .............................. III-31

III-6 Grafik Peningkatan Konsentrasi TSS pada sungai-sungai di lokasi perkebunan kelapa sawit PT. Ciptamas Bumi Selaras ......................................................................................... III-38

III-7 Grafik Peningkatan Konsentrasi TSS pada tahap konstruksi perkebunan kelapa sawit PT. CBS.................................................................................................................................. III-40

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III-8 Grafik Peningkatan Konsentrasi TSS dengan dan Tanpa Adanya Kegiatan Konstruksi perkebunan kelapa sawit PT. CBS .............................................................................. III-41

III-9 Proyeksi Limbah Domestik Dari Pekerja Pada Tahap Konstruksi ....................................... III-42

III-10 Proyeksi Limbah Domestik COD Dengan dan Tanpa Proyek Pada Tahap Konstruksi ..................................................................................................................................................... III-43

III-11 Proyeksi Limbah Domestik BOD Dengan dan Tanpa Proyek Pada Tahap Konstruksi ..................................................................................................................................................... III-43

III-12 Proyeksi Limbah Domestik TSS Dengan dan Tanpa Proyek Pada Tahap Konstruksi ..................................................................................................................................................... III-44

III-13 Estimasi Polutan Domestik PT. CBS Akibat Pengoperasian Sarana Penunjang.............. III-45

III-14 Proyeksi Limbah COD PT. CBS dari Pekerja Pabrik dan Perkebunan ................................. III-46

III-15 Proyeksi Limbah BOD PT. CBS dari Pekerja Pabrik dan Perkebunan ................................ III-46

III-16 Proyeksi Limbah TSS PT. CBS dari Pekerja Pabrik dan Perkebunan .................................. III-47

III-17 Prakiraan Jumlah smp/jam di Jalan Sekitar Lokasi Proyek .................................................... III-52

III-18 Prakiraan Nilai VCR dengan dan Tanpa Proyek ........................................................................... III-52

III-19 Grafik erosi gen vegetasi pada tahap konstruksi perkebunan kelapa sawit dan pabrik PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras .................................................................................................. III-58

III-20 Prakiraan jumlah KK yang bekerja sebagai petani selama 20 tahun kedepan di wilayah studi berdasarkan pertumbuhan penduduk (0,61% per tahun) ........................ III-59

III-21 Grafik laju erosi gen vegetasi di lokasi studi tanpa proyek berdasarkan waktu (tahun)............................................................................................................................................................. III-60

III-22 Grafik erosi gen satwa liar pada tahap konstruksi perkebunan kelapa sawit dan pabrik PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras ................................................................................................... III-65

III-22 Grafik laju erosi gen satwa liar di lokasi studi tanpa proyek berdasarkan waktu (tahun) .............................................................................................................................................. III-68

III-23 Gambaran Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Jumlah Taxa Plankton di Sungai-sungai Dalam Wilayah Studi Sebelum Proyek .............................................................................. III-71

III-24 Gambaran Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Jumlah Taxa Benthos di Sungai-sungai Dalam Wilayah Studi Sebelum Proyek .............................................................................. III-71

III-25 Besar dampak kegiatan pembersihan lahan terhadap indeks diversitas plankton.......................................................................................................................................................... III-73

III-26 Jumlah penggunaan pupuk berdasarkan umur tanaman per hektar per tahun PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras................................................................................................................... III-76

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III-27 Sepuluh Penyakit Terbanyak di Puskesmas Perawatan Kecamatan Luas 2011-2013 ................................................................................................................................................................. III-97

III-28 Sepuluh Penyakit Terbanyak di Puskesmas Perawatan Kecamatan Kaur Tengah 2011-2013 .................................................................................................................................... III-98

BAB IVIV-1 Jenis alat Pelindung Kebisingan .......................................................................................................... IV-

20IV-2 Jenis alat Pelindung Kebisingan .......................................................................................................... IV-

25IV-3 Bangunan Teras Untuk Pencegahan Erosi Di Daerah Rencana Perkebunan

Kelapa Sawit PT. CiPT.amas Bumi Selaras....................................................................................... IV-26

IV-4 Jenis Tanaman Penutup Tanah ............................................................................................................ IV-27

IV-5 Bentuk-bentuk saluran pengendali air ............................................................................................. IV-28

IV-6 Cekdam yang dibangun untuk memperlambat laju aliran permukaan di saluran pembuang dan ata saluran alami ....................................................................................... IV-29

IV-7 Perangkap sedimen yang dibangunan untuk mengendalikan erosi tanah....................... IV-29

IV-8 Jenis alat Pelindung Kebisingan .......................................................................................................... IV-37

IV-9 Pembagian wilayah Ring Program Pengembangan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat ................................................................................................................... IV-41

IV-10 Proses program Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) ........................................................... IV-42

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

LAMPIRAN 1 : PERIZINAN YANG DIMILIKI LAMPIRAN 2 : SERTIFIKAT TANDA REGISTRASI KOMPETENSI LPJPLAMPIRAN 3 : CURICULUM VITAE TIM PENYUSUN AMDALLAMPIRAN 4 : PENGUMUMAN KEGIATAN AMDAL RENCANA USAHA DAN/ATAU KEGIATANLAMPIRAN 5 : DOKUMENTASI KONSULTASI PUBLIKLAMPIRAN 6 : KUISIONER PENELITIAN LAMPIRAN 7 : HASIL ANALISIS LABORATORIUMLAMPIRAN 8: PETA-PETA

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