animal welfare, ethics in animal use & animal rights

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Animal Welfare, Ethics in Animal Use & Animal Rights. Aida L T Rompis. Background of Animal Welfare. Keberhasilan manusia domestikasi hewan liar seperti: kuda, sapi, domba, kambing, kucing, anjing, burung, dll. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Animal Welfare, Ethics in Animal Use & Animal RightsAida L T Rompis

  • Background of Animal WelfareKeberhasilan manusia domestikasi hewan liar seperti: kuda, sapi, domba, kambing, kucing, anjing, burung, dll.Masyarakat di Lembah Indus percaya bahwa mereka akan menjelma menjadi hewan setelah mati, karenanya hewan hidup harus dihargai dan diperlakukan dgn baik sebagaimana mereka memperlakukan sesama manusiaNabi Ibrahim memerintahkan pengikutnya untuk mentaati peraturan pemotongan hewan berdasarkan pertimbangan agar hewan mati segera dan darah harus ke luar untuk memastikan faktor higienis pemotongan dan konsumsi daging hewan (dilarang mengkonsumsi darah karena darah mengandung banyak sumber penyakit

  • The philosophy behind animal welfare & ethics .pain

  • THE FIVE FREEDOMS OF ANIMAL WELFAREFreedom from thirst, hunger and malnutritionFreedom from discomfort due to environmentFreedom from pain, injury and diseaseFreedom from fear and distressFreedom to express its normal behaviour

  • Indicators for assessing welfare:

    Injuries, health status, nutritional status, signs of thermal stress (shivering, sweating, panting)Physiological signs of stress (heart rate, level of stress hormone, immune systemChanges in normal behavioural

  • Animal Welfare OrganizationsSociety for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA), 1824, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA, 1840)Cruelty to Animals Act of 1876 (England)ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1866)Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (USA, 1966)Guide for Laboratory Animal Facilities and Care (1963, 1965, 1968, 1972, 1978)Animal Welfare Act (USA, 1976) (cattle, goats, sheep, not chickens)The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (1996), translated to Indonesian (2002)

  • Ethics in Animal UseThe ethical use of animals for scientific purposes and teachingAll uses of animals in research and teaching have to be assesses and approved by a committee (ACUC)All uses of animals are subject to the basic philosophies of animal ethics, the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement)

  • Animal RightsEthical code of minority groups opposed to any use of animals (in research, teaching, consumption)Consists of reasonable to very active, vocal, violent groupsAnimal right have had influence towards improvement of animal welfare

  • Abolish all use of animlas/exploitation of animals (Tom Regan)Reject all discrimination based on spesies, race, sex (Peter Singer)Protest against organizations which continuous to support fox hunting, wild bird shooting, wild rabbit huntingCruelty to animals in the modern world (factory farming, laboratory animals)

  • Animal welfare is about how animals cope with the situation they are in (Five freedom of animal welfare)Animal Ethics are rules and principles governing humane treatment of animals (The 3R)Animal Rights are set of belief of minority groups about how and why humans should/should not use animals for their own benefitWelfare and Ethics are intimately linked, whereas animal rights are opposed and different from welfare and ethicsHowever, the animal rights movement has major contribution to the improvement in animal welfare

  • All living organisms are created by GodMan has the highest intelligence of all organismsMan is the keeper and responsible for all that lives on earthSo all living beings (all Gods creature) should be treated with respect

  • The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be measured by the way its animal are treated

    Mahatma Gandhi