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ANATOMIANATOMIEXTREMITAS SUPERIOREXTREMITAS SUPERIOR

TIM ANATOMITIM ANATOMI

FIK Universitas Negeri YogyakartaFIK Universitas Negeri Yogyakartadanangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OSTEOLOGIOSTEOLOGI

danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

TULANGTULANG--TULANG TULANG EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR TERDIRI DARI:TERDIRI DARI:1. Os clavicula1. Os clavicula2. Os scapula2. Os scapula3. Os humerus3. Os humerus4. Os radius4. Os radius5. Os ulna5. Os ulna6. Ossa carpalia6. Ossa carpalia7. Ossa metacarpalia7. Ossa metacarpalia8. Ossa phalanges8. Ossa phalanges

danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS SCAPULAOS SCAPULA1. Acromion1. Acromion2. Tuberculum supraglenoidale2. Tuberculum supraglenoidale3. Processus coracoideus3. Processus coracoideus4. Fossa supraspinata4. Fossa supraspinata5. Fossa infraspinata5. Fossa infraspinata6. Cavitas glenoidalis6. Cavitas glenoidalis7. Tuberculum infraglenoidale7. Tuberculum infraglenoidale8. Margo lateralis/axillaris8. Margo lateralis/axillaris9. Angulus inferior9. Angulus inferior10. Facies articularis acromii10. Facies articularis acromii

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danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS SCAPULAOS SCAPULA1. Acromion1. Acromion2. Angulus acromialis2. Angulus acromialis3. Angulus superior3. Angulus superior4. Incisura scapulae4. Incisura scapulae5. Trigonum spina scapulae5. Trigonum spina scapulae6. Collum scapulae6. Collum scapulae7. Fossa supraspinata7. Fossa supraspinata8. Spina scapulae8. Spina scapulae9. Fossa infraspinata9. Fossa infraspinata10. Cavitas glenoidalis10. Cavitas glenoidalis11. Tuberculum infraglenoidale11. Tuberculum infraglenoidale12. Margo lateralis/axillaris12. Margo lateralis/axillaris13. Margo medialis/vertebralis13. Margo medialis/vertebralis14. Margo superior14. Margo superior15. Angulus inferior15. Angulus inferior16. Facies articularis acromii16. Facies articularis acromii17. Linea m. scapulae17. Linea m. scapulae

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danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS SCAPULAOS SCAPULA1. Acromion1. Acromion2. Angulus acromialis2. Angulus acromialis3. Angulus superior3. Angulus superior4. Incisura scapulae4. Incisura scapulae5. Processus coracoideus5. Processus coracoideus6. Cavitas glenoidalis6. Cavitas glenoidalis7. Tuberculum infraglenoidale7. Tuberculum infraglenoidale8. Margo lateralis/axillaris8. Margo lateralis/axillaris9. Margo medialis/vertebralis9. Margo medialis/vertebralis10. Margo superior10. Margo superior11. Angulus inferior11. Angulus inferior12. Facies articularis acromii12. Facies articularis acromii13. Fossa subscapularis13. Fossa subscapularis14. Facies costalis14. Facies costalis15. Collum scapulae15. Collum scapulae

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danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS CLAVICULAOS CLAVICULA(kiri)(kiri)

1. Extremitas acromialis1. Extremitas acromialis2. Extremitas sternalis2. Extremitas sternalis3. Facies articularis acromialis3. Facies articularis acromialis4. Facies articularis sternalis4. Facies articularis sternalis5. Linea trapezoidea5. Linea trapezoidea6. Tuberculum conoideum6. Tuberculum conoideum7. Impressio ligamenti costoclavicu7. Impressio ligamenti costoclavicu--

larislaris

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4 7 6 5 3danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS HUMERUSOS HUMERUS

1. Caput humeri1. Caput humeri2. Collum anatomicum2. Collum anatomicum3. Tuberculum majus3. Tuberculum majus4. Tuberculum minus4. Tuberculum minus5. Collum chirurgicum5. Collum chirurgicum6. Crista tuberculi minoris6. Crista tuberculi minoris7. Crista tuberculi majoris7. Crista tuberculi majoris8. Tuberositas deltoidea8. Tuberositas deltoidea9. Sulcus nervi radialis9. Sulcus nervi radialis10. Facies posterior10. Facies posterior11. Facies anterior lateralis11. Facies anterior lateralis12. Facies anterior medialis12. Facies anterior medialis13. Margo lateralis13. Margo lateralis14. Margo medialis14. Margo medialis15. Fossa radialis15. Fossa radialis16. Fossa coronoidea16. Fossa coronoidea17. Fossa olecrani17. Fossa olecrani18. Epicondylus lateralis18. Epicondylus lateralis19. Epicondylus medialis19. Epicondylus medialis20. Capitulum humeri20. Capitulum humeri21. Trochlea humeri21. Trochlea humeri22. Sulcus nervi ulnaris22. Sulcus nervi ulnaris

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OS ULNAEOS ULNAE1. Olecranon1. Olecranon2. Incisura trochlearis2. Incisura trochlearis3. Processus coronoideus3. Processus coronoideus4. Incisura radialis4. Incisura radialis5. Crista supinatoris5. Crista supinatoris6. Tuberositas ulnae6. Tuberositas ulnae7. Foramen nutricium7. Foramen nutricium8. Margo posterior8. Margo posterior9. Margo anterior9. Margo anterior10. Margo interossea10. Margo interossea11. Facies anterior11. Facies anterior12. Facies posterior12. Facies posterior13. Kaput ulnae13. Kaput ulnae14. Circumverentia articularis ulnae14. Circumverentia articularis ulnae15.Processus stiloideus15.Processus stiloideus16. Facies medialis16. Facies medialis

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danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OS RADIUSOS RADIUS1.Fovea articularis capituli radii1.Fovea articularis capituli radii2. Circumverentia articularis radii2. Circumverentia articularis radii3. Collum radii3. Collum radii4. Tuberositas radii4. Tuberositas radii5. Foramen nutricium5. Foramen nutricium6. Margo interossea6. Margo interossea7. Margo anterior7. Margo anterior8. Facies posterior8. Facies posterior9. Facies anterior9. Facies anterior10. Processus stiloideus10. Processus stiloideus11. Incisura ulnaris11. Incisura ulnaris12. Sulcus mm. extensorum carpi12. Sulcus mm. extensorum carpi

radialiumradialium13. Sulcus m. extensoris policis 13. Sulcus m. extensoris policis

longilongi14. Sulcus mm. extensoris 14. Sulcus mm. extensoris

digitorum et extensoris indicis digitorum et extensoris indicis 15. Margo posterior15. Margo posterior16. Facies lateralis16. Facies lateralis

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16danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

OSSA CARPALIAOSSA CARPALIA(kanan)(kanan)

1. Os schapoideum1. Os schapoideum2. Os capitatum2. Os capitatum3. Os trapezoideum3. Os trapezoideum4. Os trapezium4. Os trapezium5. Os lunatum5. Os lunatum6. Os triguetrum6. Os triguetrum7. Os pisiforme7. Os pisiforme8. Os hamatum8. Os hamatum9. OSSA METACARPALIA9. OSSA METACARPALIA10. OSSA DIGITORUM:10. OSSA DIGITORUM:

a. phalanx proximalisa. phalanx proximalisb. phalanx mediab. phalanx mediac. phalanx distalisc. phalanx distalis

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danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

SISTEM ALAT GERAK SISTEM ALAT GERAK ANGGOTA BADAN ATASANGGOTA BADAN ATAS

danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

PrinsipPrinsip dasardasar terjadinyaterjadinya suatusuatu gerakangerakan::

1.1. OtotOtot harusharus kontraksikontraksi dandan menyilangimenyilangi sendisendi ((kecualikecualiyang yang melekatmelekat padapada kulitkulit atauatau organ organ tubuhtubuh))

2.2. GerakanGerakan saatsaat kontraksikontraksi otototot: : insersioinsersio origoorigo3.3. SendiSendi: : bisabisa satusatu aksisaksis//lebihlebih4.4. PosisiPosisi persilanganpersilangan otototot thdthd aksisaksis araharah gerakangerakan..5.5. OtotOtot dapatdapat menyilangimenyilangi lebihlebih daridari satusatu aksisaksis sesuaisesuai

dengandengan jumlahjumlah aksisaksis padapada sendisendi yang yang disilanginyadisilanginya6.6. OtotOtot dapatdapat menyilangimenyilangi satusatu sendisendi ((monoartikulermonoartikuler), ),

dandan menyilangimenyilangi lebihlebih daridari satusatu sendisendi ((polyartikulerpolyartikuler))7.7. BidangBidang gerakangerakan otototot selaluselalu tegaktegak luruslurus dengandengan

aksisnyaaksisnya..danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

Aksis posisi otot gerakanAksis posisi otot gerakanthd aksisthd aksis

Sagital medial/inferior adduksiSagital medial/inferior adduksilateral/superior abduksilateral/superior abduksi

Transversal anterior/superior fleksi/antefleksiTransversal anterior/superior fleksi/antefleksiposterior/inferior ekstensi/dorsofl.posterior/inferior ekstensi/dorsofl.

Longitudinal medial/anterior endorotasiLongitudinal medial/anterior endorotasilateral/posterior eksorotasi lateral/posterior eksorotasi

insertio

origo

Arah gerakan

insertiodanangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

danangvega@uny.ac.iddanangvega@uny.ac.id

danangvega