39320474 Daftar Dosis Obat

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Daftar Dosis Obat Angka Romawi 1 = I 5 = V 10 = X 50 = L 100 = C 500 = D 1000= M 40 = XL 90 = XC 400 = CD 900= CM 1500=MD Obat Oral Dalam Analgetik Antipiretik Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Acetaminophen (paracetamol) 500-1000 mg/x 10 mg/BB/x Acetosal Tab:100 aspirin:500mg 300-1000 mg/x 65 mg/BB/hr Antalgin 500-1000 mg/x As.Mefenamat Tab:500mg Vial:1g/2ml 400-600 mg/x Ascal (cair) 300-500mg/x Anti rematik: 4-5g/hr 12.5 mg/BB/x Or 75 mg/BB/hr Codein HCl 30-60mg/x Fenasetin 300-600mg/x Ibuprofen 200mg/x Metampiron 500-1000mg/x (mg/hr) 3bl-1th 150-200 1-6th 120-400 6-12th 600-1000 Phenylbutazone Jgn u/ geriatri 100mg/x Piromidon 300-600mg/x 4-5mg/BB/hr Anti Inflamasi Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Dexamethasone 0.5-2 mg/x Prednisone 5 mg/x Anti Arthritis Reumathoid Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Allopurinol Tab: 100,300 Ringan 100-200mg/hr Sedang 300-600mg/hr Berat 700-900mg/hr >) Cloperastine (3dd) 10 20 mg/x Dextrometorphan HBr Asma 15 30 mg/x 1 mg/BB/hr (5ml 10mg) Noscaprin HCl Higroskopis 15 30 mg/x 7.5 15 mg/BB/hr Dekongestan Bronkodilator Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Amino phylline p.o. 100-200 mg/x 5mg/BB/x i.v. 240mg/x 3.5 mg/BB/x Supp. 100-200 mg/x 7mg/kg/x {Gol. Xantine} CNS Stim, ESO: Iritasi lambung. Tab: 100,200,225 mg Caffeine 50 mg/x Ephedrin HCl 3dd tab:25mg Vial: 50mg/1ml 10-30mg/x Max 50 mg/x 0.8 (dekongestan) 1.4 (bronkodilator) Mg/kg/hr Salbutamol 2 agonis selektif Tab: 2mg, 4 mg Syr: 1 mg 5ml 2 4 mg/x Bisa s/d >8mg/x 1-2 mg/x 3-4dd Teophyllin 2dd Tab: 130,150,300 mg Syr: 150mg15ml 200mg/x 10 mg/kg/hr Expectorant Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Acetyl Cystein Mucolytic 200 mg/x Ammonium Chloride Higroskopis 500-1000 mg/x 75mg/kg/hr Advised: u/ anak yg lbh besar Bromhexin HCl Mucolytic 8 16 mg/x 4 mg/x 5th: 2dd 5-10th: 4dd Glyceril Guaicolat/ Guaifenesine 100-200 mg/x (4dd) 50-100 mg/x(3dd) Ipecac/doveri 25-100 mg/x 50 mg/x Kalium iodide Higroskopis sedative (tx pre-op tirotoksikosis: 150mg/hr) 250-500 mg/x (mg/hr) 3bl-1th 75-150 1-6th 300-600 6-12th 600-900 Oksolamin sitrat mukolitik 10mg/ml SASA (sol. Ammon spris anis) 2-4% 1-2% Succus Liquiritae Higroskopis OBH: 3dd c I 3-5% or 500 mg/x Dpt sebabkan gg. Ginjal & elektrolit Anti Histamine Nama Obat Dose Dws Dose Anak Astamizole (hismanal) Non sedative 10 mg/x ChlorTriMethon (CTM) 2 4 mg/x (3 4 dd) 0.35 mg/kg/hr (3dd) Chlorfeniramine Maleat (gol. propanilamine) 3-4dd 4 mg/x Obat Luar Adeps Lanae Bentuk Dosis Umum Bedak 4% Salep 10-20% Analgetik Antipiretik Nama Obat Dosis Umum Camphora 5% (var) Menthol 10% (var) Methyl Salycilicum 12.5 25% (var) Antibiotika Topikal Bentuk Dosis Umum Chloramphenicol Salep 2-4% Erytromicine 2% Gentamycine 0.1 0.3 % Neomycine 0.5 1% Terramycine 0.5 1% Tetracycline Salep 1-3% Salep mata 0.5 2 % Sulfamycine 0.5% Anti Fungal Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Benzoicum 4% Acid. Boricum + alcohol 4% Acid. Salycilicum 3-5% Acid. Undecylenicum 4% Clotrimazole 1% Ketoconazole 2% Nystatin 100,000 iu Anti Histamine Nama Obat Dosis Umum Diphenhydramine HCl 2% Anti Inflamasi Nama Obat Dosis Umum Betamethasone (kuat) 0.05 0.1 % Dexamethasone (lemah) 0.05 0.1% Hidrocortisone (lemah) 1-2% Prednisone (lemah) 0.5% Anti Perspirant Nama Obat Dosis Umum Alum. Et Kalii Sulphate ( bedak) 5 10 % Antii Pruritus Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Salycilicum 1 3% Benzocaine 0.2 5 % Camphora 2 10% Menthol 0.5 1% Anti Septik Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Boricum 3-15% Acid. Salycilicum 1-3% Calamine 5% Hexachlorofen 0.25-3% Sulfur ptt 3-5% Zinci Oxyde 20-40% Astringent Nama Obat Dosis Umum Amyl. Tritici 10% Bismuth Hydroxide (antiseptic mukosa) 3-5% Calamine 5-10% Talkum Venetum 10% Tannin (astringent kuat) 4-6% Zinci Oxyde 10% Deodorant Nama Obat Dosis Umum Benzolkonium Chloride 0.5% Neomycine Sulphate 1% Kalium Permanganat Kegunaan Dosis Umum Cuci Lambung 0.02% Cuci Luka 2-3% Kompres 1g/4000ml Mandi (aqua 10-20 ltr) 1g/5000ml 1g/4000ml Rendam Duduk (aqua 2 ltr) 1g/5000ml 1g/4000ml Keratolitikum Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Salycilicum 5-10% Resorcinol 2-5% Resorcinol jg digunakan sbg endolativum, anti pruritus, anti acne, anti seboroik Keratoplasti cell proliferant Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Salycilicum 0.5 1 % Balsamum peruvianum 4 5 % Ol. Iocaris Aselii 10 30 % Ol. Iocaris Aselii sering dipakai pada px luka bakar melunakkan salep pada luka bakarnya. Local Anestesia Nama Obat Dosis Umum Benzocaine 0.2 5 % Lidocaine 2% Menthol Camphora 0.5 1 % Scabiside Nama Obat Dosis Umum Acid. Salycilicum 2% Benzyl Benzoat 20% Sulfur ptt 4-40% Sediaan Panenteral Nama Obat Dosis Umum Adrenaline HCl 0.1% Aminophyline 2%,4% CTM 1% Dexamethasone 0.25% Diphenhydramine 1-2.5% Emetine HCl 2% Furosemide 1% Ephedrine 5% Gentamycine 4% Hidrocortisone 2.5% Lidocaine 1% Morphine HCl 1% Papaverine 4% Penicillin Procaine 3,000,000 iu Pethidine HCl 5% Phenobarbital 10% Rivanol 0.1% Valium 0.5% Obat Tetes Auricularis Khasiat Nama Obt Dosis Umum Analgetik Antipyrin 5% Antibiotik Chloramph 1-2% Gramycidiine 0.005% Soframycine 0.5% Tetracycline 0.5% Pelunak Serumen Glycerin 4% Natr. Carbonat 10-15% Propylene Glicol (pelarut chloramph) 90% Nasales Khasiat Nama obt Dosis Umum Anti Histamine Antazoline Sulphate 0.5% Benadryl 0.1-2% Decongestan Ephedrin 0.4-1% Menthol 5% Napazoline Sulphate 0.025% Pengawet Chlorbutamol 0.5% Skin Prolif. Epitel Balsamum peruvianum 4-10% Ophtalmica Khasiat Nama Obt Dosis Umum Antibiotik Chloramph 1-2% Tetracycline HCl 0.5% Anti Inflamasi Hidrocortison Asetat 0.5% Anti Septik Acid Boricum 3% Astringent Zinci Sulphate 0.25 2% Midriatikum Atrophine Sulphate 1% Scopolamine HBr 0.1% Pengawet Phenyl mercuri Nitrate 0.002% Vehiculum BSO Vehiculum Note Padat (pulv) Talk Venetum Ad 50, 100, 150 g Cair (mixt, agit, susp) Aqua, Spiritus Git: 10ml Oles: 50,100,150 ml padat (ung, cream, pasta) Ung Epi Vaselin Tgt luas area ad 5,10,15,20,30, 50 g Endo Adeps lanae Mukosa Vaselin + adeps lanae 10-20% Cream W/O All Purpose Cream, Emulgide Cream Tgt luas area oles, tidak boleh ada remedium asam dan bahan panas dlm crean O/W Vanishing Cream Cleansing Cream Pasta Vaselin Tgt luas daerah oles Yg ! kandungan bhn pdt 40-60%, jgn + bhn aktiv tp + saja pengering, k/ akan merubah khasiat (c/ talk venetum, zinci oxide, dsb s/d 40-60% total) Vehiculum Corrigens Glucosum (u/ anak2/bayi t.u. yg intoleranthd lactose bukan corigens rasa) q.s. (secukupnya sampai jumlah 1 puyer minimal 300mg) Saccharum Lactis (u/ puyer dewasa dan anak yang toleran thd lactose. Bukan corigens rasa) q.s. (secukupnya sampai jumlah 1 puyer minimal 300mg) Saccharose Corigrens rasa u/ sirup / susp 10-20% Sirupus Simplex Sorbitol 60% Saccharum Natrii Corigens rasa u/ pulveres 0.1% Suspensator Nama bahan Dosis Bentonite 1-3% CMC Na 1-2% Mucilago Tragacant 1-2% Pulvis Gummi Arab / PGA / Gummi Arab 1-2% Pulvis gummos 1-2% Parafins Nama Obat Dosis Umum Cera Alba (setara dg parafins solidum) 5-10% Oleum Sesami (setara dg paraffin liquidum) 10% Parafin Liquidum (u/ melunakkan salep, buasanya u/ salep mata) 10-25% Parafin Solidum (u/ mengeraskan salep menjadi balsem) 25% Pengawet Nama Obat Dosis Umum Nipagin 0.1% Nipasol 0.001% Pengering Nama Obat Dosis Umum Amyl. Tritici 10% Calamine 10% Calc. Carbonate 10% Talcum venetum 10% Zinci Oxyde 20 40 % Re arranged & retyped by Andrian - cinci- 05