2002 12 sni 03-2847-2002 (beton) 2

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2002 12 sni 03-2847-2002 (beton)

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<ul><li> 1. SNI 03 2847 - 2002SNI STANDAR NASIONAL INDONESIA Tata Cara Perhitungan Struktur Beton Untuk Bangunan Gedung(Beta Version)Bandung, Desember 2002</li></ul><p> 2. SNI 03 - 2847 - 2002Tata cara perencanaan struktur betonuntuk bangunan gedungDaftar isi .......................................................................................................iDaftar tabel.................................................................................................... xiDaftar gambar ............................................................................................... xiiPrakata...........................................................................................................xiv1 Ruang lingkup................................................................................. 12 Acuan normatif ............................................................................... 13 Istilah dan definisi ..........................................................................44 Persyaratan-persyaratan ............................................................... 134.1 Perencanaan struktur................................................................................134.2 Penanggung jawab perhitungan .............................................................. 135 Bahan ..............................................................................................145.1 Pengujian bahan ....................................................................................... 145.2 Semen.......................................................................................................145.3 Agregat ..................................................................................................... 145.4 Air.............................................................................................................. 155.5 Baja tulangan ............................................................................................155.6 Bahan tambahan....................................................................................... 185.7 Penyimpanan bahan-bahan...................................................................... 196 Persyaratan keawetan beton .........................................................206.1 Rasio semen-air........................................................................................ 206.2 Pengaruh lingkungan ................................................................................206.3 Pengaruh lingkungan yang mengandung sulfat........................................206.4 Perlindungan tulangan terhadap korosi ....................................................21i 3. SNI 03 - 2847 - 20027Kualitas, pencampuran, dan pengecoran .................................... 227.1Umum ....................................................................................................... 227.2Pemilihan proporsi campuran beton .........................................................227.3Perancangan proporsi campuran berdasarkan pengalaman lapangan dan/atau hasil campuran uji ...................................................................... 237.4Perancangan campuran tanpa berdasarkan data lapangan atau campuran percobaan ................................................................................277.5Reduksi kuat rata-rata...............................................................................277.6Evaluasi dan penerimaan beton ...............................................................277.7Persiapan peralatan dan tempat penyimpanan ........................................307.8Pencampuran............................................................................................307.9Pengantaran .............................................................................................317.10 Pengecoran...............................................................................................317.11 Perawatan beton....................................................................................... 327.12 Persyaratan cuaca panas .........................................................................328Cetakan, pipa tertanam, dan siar pelaksanaan ........................... 338.1Perencanaan cetakan ...............................................................................338.2Pembongkaran cetakan dan penopang serta penopangan kembali.........338.3Saluran dan pipa yang ditanam dalam beton ...........................................348.4Siar pelaksanaan ..................................................................................... 369Detail penulangan........................................................................... 379.1Kait standar...............................................................................................379.2Diameter bengkokan minimum ................................................................. 379.3Cara pembengkokan ................................................................................ 389.4Kondisi permukaan baja tulangan............................................................. 389.5Penempatan tulangan............................................................................... 389.6Batasan spasi tulangan ............................................................................399.7Pelindung beton untuk tulangan ............................................................. 40ii 4. SNI 03 - 2847 - 20029.8 Detail tulangan khusus untuk kolom .........................................................449.9 Sambungan ..............................................................................................459.10Tulangan lateral pada komponen struktur tekan.......................................459.11Penulangan lateral untuk komponen struktur lentur ................................. 489.12Tulangan susut dan suhu.......................................................................... 489.13Tulangan khusus untuk integritas struktur ................................................4910Analisis dan perencanaan ............................................................ 5110.1Perencanaan.............................................................................................5110.2Pembebanan............................................................................................. 5110.3Metode analisis ........................................................................................5110.4Redistribusi momen negatif pada balok lentur non-prategang menerus .. 5310.5Modulus elastisitas.................................................................................... 5410.6Kekakuan .................................................................................................5410.7Panjang bentang.......................................................................................5410.8Kolom........................................................................................................ 5510.9Pengaturan beban hidup........................................................................... 5610.10 Konstruksi balok-T .................................................................................... 5610.11 Konstruksi pelat rusuk............................................................................... 5710.12 Penutup lantai yang terpisah .................................................................... 5811Ketentuan mengenai kekuatan dan kemampuan layan.............. 5911.1Umum .......................................................................................................5911.2Kuat perlu..................................................................................................5911.3Kuat rencana............................................................................................. 6111.4Kuat rencana tulangan ............................................................................. 6211.5Kontrol terhadap lendutan.........................................................................6212Beban lentur dan aksial ................................................................. 6912.1Umum .......................................................................................................6912.2Asumsi dalam perencanaan .....................................................................69 iii 5. SNI 03 - 2847 - 200212.3Prinsip perencanaan ................................................................................ 7012.4Jarak antara pendukung lateral untuk komponen struktur lentur .............. 7112.5Tulangan minimum pada komponen struktur lentur.................................. 7112.6Distribusi tulangan lentur pada balok dan pelat satu arah ........................ 7212.7Komponen struktur lentur tinggi ................................................................ 7412.8Dimensi rencana untuk komponen struktur tekan..................................... 7512.9Pembatasan untuk tulangan komponen struktur tekan............................. 7512.10 Pengaruh kelangsingan pada komponen struktur tekan...........................7612.11 Perbesaran momen Umum....................................................................7612.12 Perbesaran momen Rangka portal tak bergoyang ................................7912.13 Perbesaran momen Rangka portal bergoyang ......................................8012.14 Komponen struktur dengan beban aksial yang mendukung sistem pelat. 8212.15 Penyaluran beban kolom melalui sistem pelat lantai ................................8212.16 Komponen struktur tekan komposit ..........................................................8312.17 Kuat tumpu................................................................................................ 8513Geser dan puntir .............................................................................8713.1Kuat geser.................................................................................................8713.2Beton ringan ............................................................................................. 8813.3Kuat geser yang disumbangkan oleh beton untuk komponen strukturnon-prategang .......................................................................................... 8913.4Kuat geser yang disumbangkan beton pada komponen strukturprategang .................................................................................................9013.5Kuat geser yang disumbangkan oleh tulangan geser ............................... 9213.6Perencanaan untuk puntir.........................................................................9513.7Geser Friksi............................................................................................10113.8Ketentuan khusus untuk komponen struktur lentur tinggi .........................10313.9Ketentuan khusus untuk konsol pendek ...................................................10513.10 Ketentuan khusus untuk dinding............................................................... 106iv 6. SNI 03 - 2847 - 200213.11 Penyaluran momen ke kolom ...................................................................10813.12 Ketentuan khusus untuk pelat dan fondasi telapak ..................................10914Penyaluran dan penyambungan tulangan ................................... 11714.1Penyaluran tulangan Umum ..................................................................11714.2Penyaluran batang ulir dan kawat ulir yang berada dalam kondisi tarik ...11714.3Penyaluran batang ulir yang berada dalam kondisi tekan ........................11914.4Penyaluran bundel tulangan ....................................................................12014.5Penyaluran tulangan berkait dalam kondisi tarik ...................................... 12014.6Angkur mekanis ........................................................................................12214.7Penyaluran jaring kawat ulir yang berada dalam kondisi tarik ..................12214.8Penyaluran jaring kawat polos yang berada dalam kondisi tarik .............. 12314.9Penyaluran strand prategang....................................................................12414.10 Penyaluran tulangan lentur Umum ........................................................ 12414.11 Penyaluran tulangan momen positif..........................................................12614.12 Penyaluran tulangan momen negatif ........................................................ 12714.13 Penyaluran tulangan badan ...................................................................... 12814.14 Sambungan tulangan Umum .................................................................13014.15 Sambungan batang dan kawat ulir dalam kondisi tarik............................. 13114.16 Sambungan batang ulir dalam kondisi tekan ............................................ 13314.17 Ketentuan khusus untuk sambungan pada kolom .................................... 13414.18 Sambungan lewatan jaring kawat ulir dalam kondisi tarik ........................ 13514.19 Sambungan lewatan jaring kawat polos dalam kondisi tarik.....................13615Sistem pelat dua arah..................................................................... 13715.1Umum ....................................................................................................... 13715.2Beberapa definisi ...................................................................................... 13715.3Penulangan pelat ......................................................................................13815.4Bukaan pada sistem pelat.........................................................................14115.5Cara perencanaan ....................................................................................142 v 7. SNI 03 - 2847 - 200215.6Cara perencanaan langsung.....................................................................14315.7Cara rangka ekuivalen ..............................................................................14916Dinding.............................................................................................15416.1Lingkup ..................................................................................................... 15416.2Umum .......................................................................................................15416.3Tulangan minimum ...................................................................................15516.4Dinding yang direncanakan sebagai komponen struktur tekan ................15616.5Metode perencanaan empiris ...................................................................15616.6Dinding non-pendukung............................................................................ 15716.7Fungsi dinding sebagai balok ...................................................................15716.8Perencanaan alternatif untuk dinding langsing ......................................... 15717Fondasi telapak...............................................................................16017.1Lingkup .............</p>