15.buku pedoman proteksi dan kontrol penghantar

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  • 8/17/2019 15.Buku Pedoman Proteksi Dan Kontrol Penghantar

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    B u k u P e d o m a n Pe m e l i h a r a a n  

    P T P L N ( P E R S E R O )  

    J l T r u n o j o y o B l o k M I / 1 3 5  

    J A K A R T A  

    P R O T E K S I D A N K O N T R O L P E N G H A N T A R

     

    Dokumen nomor : PDM/SGI /15 :2014  

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    DOKUMEN

    PT PLN (PERSERO)

    DOKUMEN: PDM/SGI/15:2014

    Lampiran Surat Keputusan Direksi

    PT PLN (Persero) No. 0520-3.K/DIR/2014

    BUKU PEDOMAN PEMELIHARAAN PROTEKSI DAN KONTROL

    PENGHANTAR

    PT PLN (PERSERO)

    JALAN TRUNOJOYO BLOK M-I/135 KEBAYORAN BARU

    JAKARTA SELATAN 12160

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    PROTEKSI DAN KONTROL PENGHANTAR

    Susunan Tim Review KEPDIR 113 & 114 Tahun 2010

    Surat Keputusan Direksi PT PLN (Persero) No.0309.K/DIR/2013

    Pengarah : 1. Kepala Divisi Transmisi Jawa Bali

    2. Kepala Divisi Transmisi Sumatera

    3. Kepala Divisi Transmisi Indonesia Timur 

    4. Yulian Tamsir 

    Ketua : Tatang Rusdjaja

    Sekretaris : Christi Yani

     Anggota : Indra Tjahja

    Delyuzar 

    Hesti Hartanti

    Sumaryadi

    James Munthe

    Jhon H Tonapa

    Kelompok Kerja Proteksi dan Kontrol Penghantar, Trafo, serta Busbar 

    1.  Amiruddin(PLN P3BS) : Koordinator merangkap anggota

    2. Rahmat (PLN P3BS) : Anggota

    3. Karyana (PLN P3BJB) : Anggota

    4. Eka Annise A (PLN P3BJB) : Anggota

    5. Yudha Verdiansyah (PLN Sulselrabar) : Anggota

    6. Ervin Syahputra (PLN Kalselteng) : Anggota

    7. Warsono (PLN Kalbar) : Anggota

    8. Muhammad Toha (Udiklat Semarang) : Anggota

    Koordinator Verifikasi dan Finalisasi Review KEPDIR 113 & 114 Tahun

    2010 (Nota Dinas KDIVTRS JBS Nomor 0018/432/KDIVTRS JBS/2014)

    Tanggal 27 Mei 2014

    1. Jemjem Kurnaen

    2. Sugiartho

    3. Yulian Tamsir 

    4. Eko Yudo Pramono

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    PROTEKSI DAN KONTROL PENGHANTAR

    i

    DAFTAR ISI

    DAFTAR ISI..................................................................................................................... I DAFTAR GAMBAR....................................................................................................... III DAFTAR TABEL ........................................................................................................... IV DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .....................................................................................................V PRAKATA.....................................................................................................................VI PROTEKSI DAN KONTROL PENGHANTAR ................................................................ 1 1. PENDAHULUAN................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Gambaran Umum................................................................................................ 1 1.2 Pola Proteksi Penghantar .................................................................................... 2 1.2.1 Pola Proteksi Penghantar 150 KV dan 70 KV...................................................... 2 1.2.2 Pola Proteksi Penghantar 500 KV dan 275 KV.................................................... 4

    1.3 Line Differential Relay .......................................................................................... 41.4 Distance Relay .................................................................................................... 5 1.4.1 Proteksi Utama (Zona 1)...................................................................................... 6 1.4.2 Proteksi Cadangan Jauh (Zona 2 dan Zona 3) .................................................... 6 1.4.3 Teleproteksi......................................................................................................... 6 1.4.4 Power Swing Block .............................................................................................. 8 1.4.5 Switch On To Fault / Trip On Reclose (TOR)....................................................... 8 1.4.6 Directional Earth Fault (DEF)............................................................................... 8 1.4.7 DEF Utama.......................................................................................................... 8 1.4.8 DEF Back Up....................................................................................................... 9 1.5 OCR/GFR............................................................................................................ 9 1.5.1 Relai Cek Sinkron................................................................................................ 9

    1.6  Autorecloser Relay (AR)...................................................................................... 91.7 Skema Khusus .................................................................................................. 10 1.7.1 Under/Over Voltage Relay ................................................................................. 10 1.7.2 Over Load Shedding (OLS) ............................................................................... 10 1.7.3  Annunciator danAlarm ....................................................................................... 10 1.8 Selector Switch.................................................................................................. 11 1.9 Discrepancy Control Switch ............................................................................... 11 1.9.1 Meter ................................................................................................................. 11 1.9.2 Trip Circuit Supervision (TCS)........................................................................... 11 1.10 Failure Mode Effect Analisys (FMEA) ................................................................ 11 2. PEDOMAN PEMELIHARAAN .......................................................................... 11 2.1 In Service Inspection/Inspeksi Dalam Keadaan Operasi.................................... 11

    2.1.1 Inspeksi Harian.................................................................................................. 12 2.1.2 Inspeksi Bulanan............................................................................................... 12 2.2 In service Measurement /Pengukuran Dalam Keadaan Operasi......................... 13 2.3 Shutdown Testing /Measurement /Pengujian pada Saat Sistem tidak Bertegangan

    .......................................................................................................................... 14 2.3.1 Pengujian Distance Relay .................................................................................. 15 2.3.2 Pengujian Line Current Differential Relay .......................................................... 16 2.3.3 Pengujian Pilot Wire Differential Cable Relay .................................................... 16 2.3.4 Pengujian Relai OCR/GFR................................................................................ 16 2.3.5 Pengujian Relai Directional OCR dan Directional GFR...................................... 16 2.3.6 Pengujian Relai tegangan lebih/kurang (OVR/UVR).......................................... 17 2.3.7 Pengujian Relai beban lebih (OLS).................................................................... 17 2.3.8 Uji Fungsi Trip PMT Single Phase ..................................................................... 17 2.3.9 Uji Fungsi Trip PMT Three Phase...................................................................... 17

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    PROTEKSI DAN KONTROL PENGHANTAR

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    2.3.10 Uji Fungsi Reclose untuk SPAR......................................................................... 17 2.3.11 Uji Fungsi Reclose untuk TPAR......................................................................... 17 2.3.12 Uji Fungsi Reclose untuk Evolving Fault ............................................................ 17 2.3.13 Uji Intertrip Relai ................................................................................................ 17 2.3.14 Pengujian Fungsi Sistem Proteksi hingga Alarm dan Annunciator..................... 18 2.4 Shutdown Function Check/ Pengujian Fungsi pada saat Sistem Tidak

    Bertegangan ...................................................................................................... 18 2.4.1 Uji Trip dan Fungsi AutoReclose dengan PMT .................................................. 18 2.4.2 Uji Intertrip Relai ................................................................................................ 18 2.5 Pengujian/Pemeriksaan Setelah Gangguan....................................................... 19 3. EVALUASI HASILPEMELIHARAAN ................................................................ 22 3.1 Pemeliharaan In Service Inspection ................................................................... 22 3.2 Pemeliharaan In Service Measurement ............................................................. 24 3.3 Pemeliharaan Shutdown Testing/Measurement ................................................. 25 3.4 Pemeliharaan Shutdown Function Check .......................................................... 25 3.4.1 Pengujian Lama Waktu Pemutusan Gangguan ................................................. 25

    3.5 Pengujian/Pemeriksaan Setelah Gangguan............................